Ascorbic acid (vitamin c) a water-soluble vitamin, is essential for the synthetic of collagen and intercellular material.
Vitamin C deficiency develops when the dietary intake is inadequate. It is rare in adults, but may occur in infants, alcoholics, or the elderly. Deficiency leads to the development of a well-defined syndrome known as scurvy. This is characterized by capillary fragility, bleeding (especially from small blood vessels and the gums.), normocytic or macrocytic anaemic, cartilage and bone lesions, and slow healings of wounds. Vitamin C is used in the treatment and prevention of deficiency. It completely reserves symptoms of deficiency. It is usually given orally, the preferred route, as ascorbic acid, and has been given to children in the form of a suitable fruit juice such as orange juice or as black currant or rose hip syrups.