Dr. Carly Yanlin Wu, Assoc Prof. Daisy Kwai-Lin Chan, 20210308000000
Birth defects, also known as congenital anomalies, are abnormalities of body structure at birth which can lead to impaired function and physical disabilities. Children with birth defects may also have developmental or intellectual disabilities later on in life. These congenital anomalies can be major or minor in nature. The National Centre on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities in the US has defined major anomalies as anomalies with significant impact on the affected child that may require medical or surgical intervention, and minor anomalies as those having little impact on the affected child and requiring minimal intervention.1
Dr. Kubi Appiah, Dr. Piya Chaemsaithong, Dr. Liona Chiu Yee Poon, 20191129085839
Preterm birth (PTB) is birth that occurs before 37 weeks’ gestation, and it is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality.1 Babies born before 34 weeks’ gestation are particularly associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality.2 They are also at risk of long-term medical and social sequelae.3 It is therefore important to institute preventative measures that can help mitigate the occurrence of PTB in pregnant women.