Ammonium chloride injection is an electrolyte replenisher and acidifier. It is used to treat chloride levels in the blood and metabolic alkalosis (a condition when your body loses too much acids or gains too much base).
Ammonium chloride is an acid-forming salt that helps correct certain situations in which the blood contains too little chloride or is too alkaline (basic). This can occur after vomiting, suctioning or removal of stomach contents, use of diuretics (water pills), or with certain stomach disorders. It may also cause mild diuresis (removal of excess salts and water through increased urination) and makes the urine more acidic.
Ammonium chloride injection is to be given intravenously (into the vein) by slow infusion. It is delivered directly into the bloodstream via the blood vessel.
Your doctor or nurse will administer the injection for you.
Ensure that you keep all appointments with your doctor so that you do not miss any doses. Your doctor also needs to regularly monitor your response to Ammonium chloride.
If you miss an appointment or miss an injection, alert your doctor or nurse. A replacement appointment or injection should be given as soon as possible.
Alert your doctor if you have the following conditions:
- severe kidney disease
- severe liver disease
as Ammonium chloride may not be suitable for you.
doctor if you have lung disease.
Let your doctor know if you
Ammonium chloride may cause any of the following side effects: fever, rash, headache, drowsiness, confusion and injection site pain, irritation or swelling.
Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following: paleness, sweating, irregular breathing, vomiting, abnormal heartbeat, twitching, and tremors.
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.
Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.