Ammonium chloride - intravenous

Patient Medicine Information
Why do I need this medicine?
Ammonium chloride injection is an electrolyte replenisher and acidifier. It is used to treat chloride levels in the blood and metabolic alkalosis (a condition when your body loses too much acids or gains too much base).

Ammonium chloride is an acid-forming salt that helps correct certain situations in which the blood contains too little chloride or is too alkaline (basic). This can occur after vomiting, suctioning or removal of stomach contents, use of diuretics (water pills), or with certain stomach disorders. It may also cause mild diuresis (removal of excess salts and water through increased urination) and makes the urine more acidic.
How do I use this medicine?
Ammonium chloride injection is to be given intravenously (into the vein) by slow infusion. It is delivered directly into the bloodstream via the blood vessel.

Your doctor or nurse will administer the injection for you.
What should I do if I have forgotten to use this medicine?
Ensure that you keep all appointments with your doctor so that you do not miss any doses. Your doctor also needs to regularly monitor your response to Ammonium chloride.

If you miss an appointment or miss an injection, alert your doctor or nurse. A replacement appointment or injection should be given as soon as possible.
When should I not use this medicine?
Alert your doctor if you have the following conditions:
  • severe kidney disease
  • severe liver disease
as Ammonium chloride may not be suitable for you.
What should I take note of while using this medicine?
Inform your doctor if you have lung disease.
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant.
What side effects could I experience?
Ammonium chloride may cause any of the following side effects: fever, rash, headache, drowsiness, confusion and injection site pain, irritation or swelling.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following: paleness, sweating, irregular breathing, vomiting, abnormal heartbeat, twitching, and tremors.

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Can I use this with other medicines?
Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Avoid alcohol.
How should I store this medicine?
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.
This information is independently developed by MIMS based on ammonium chloride - intravenous and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by
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