Each vaginal tablet contains 100 mg progesterone.
The vaginal tablets are supplied with one polyethylene vaginal applicator.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Silica, hydrophobic colloidal, lactose monohydrate, pregelatinised maize starch, povidone, adipic acid, sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium laurilsulfate and magnesium stearate.
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Sex hormones and modulators of the genital system; Progestogens; Pregnen-(4) derivatives. ATC Code: G03DA04.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Progesterone is a naturally occurring steroid that is secreted by the ovary, placenta, and adrenal gland. In the presence of adequate estrogen, progesterone transforms a proliferative endometrium into a secretory endometrium. Progesterone is necessary to increase endometrial receptivity for implantation of an embryo. Once an embryo is implanted, progesterone acts to maintain the pregnancy.
Clinical efficacy: Ongoing pregnancy and live birth rates following 10-week luteal support with ENDOMETRIN are available from the Phase III clinical trial. ENDOMETRIN 100 mg twice daily (N=392) was associated with an ongoing pregnancy rate of 39.8% (95% CI 34.9; 44.9) and a live birth rate of 36.0% (95% CI 31.2; 40.9) in patients who had an embryo transfer. For ENDOMETRIN 100 mg three times daily (N=390), the ongoing pregnancy and live birth rates in patients with embryo transfer were 43.8% (95% CI 38.9; 48.9) and 39.5% (95% CI 34.6; 44.5), respectively.
Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Progesterone serum concentrations increased following the administration of the ENDOMETRIN vaginal tablets in 12 healthy premenopausal females. On single dosing, the mean Cmax was 17.0 ng/mL in the ENDOMETRIN twice daily group and 19.8 ng/mL in the ENDOMETRIN three times daily group.
On multiple dosing, steady state concentrations were attained within approximately 1 day after initiation of treatment with ENDOMETRIN. Both ENDOMETRIN regimens provided average serum concentrations of progesterone exceeding 10 ng/mL on Day 5.
Distribution: Progesterone is approximately 96 % to 99 % bound to serum proteins, primarily to serum albumin and corticosteroid binding globulin.
Metabolism: Progesterone is metabolised primarily by the liver largely to pregnanediols and pregnanolones. Pregnanediols and pregnanolones are conjugated in the liver to glucuronide and sulfate metabolites. Progesterone metabolites that are excreted in the bile may be deconjugated and may be further metabolised in the gut via reduction, dehydroxylation, and epimerization.
Excretion: Progesterone undergoes renal and biliary elimination. Following injection of labelled progesterone, 50-60% of the excretion of metabolites occurs via the kidney; approximately 10% occurs via the bile and faeces. Overall recovery of the labelled material accounts for 70% of an administered dose. Only a small portion of unchanged progesterone is excreted in the bile.
Toxicology: Preclinical safety data: Progesterone is a well known natural reproductive steroidal hormone in humans and animals, with no known toxicological effects. The pharmacological and physiological actions of progesterone are well known. With the exception of local tolerance and skin sensitization studies no toxicity studies have been performed with this progesterone vaginal tablet.
ENDOMETRIN was found to be non-irritative for up to 90 days of twice daily vaginal administration in rabbits, and was also shown to be non-sensitising in Guinea pigs.
ENDOMETRIN is indicated for luteal support as part of an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment program for infertile women.
Adults: The dose of ENDOMETRIN is 100 mg administered vaginally two or three times daily starting at oocyte retrieval and continuing for up to 10 weeks total duration (or 12 weeks of gestation).
For patients older than 40 years three times daily administration is recommended.
Elderly: No clinical data have been collected in patients over age 65.
Children: There is no experience in children as there is no relevant indication for use of ENDOMETRIN in children.
Use in special population: There is no experience with use of ENDOMETRIN in patients with impaired liver or renal function.
Administration: ENDOMETRIN is to be placed directly into the vagina by the applicator provided.
Unwrap the applicator.
Put one tablet in the space provided at the end of the applicator. The tablet should fit securely and not fall out.
The applicator with the tablet may be inserted into the vagina while you are standing, sitting, or when lying on your back with your knees bent. Gently insert the thin end of the applicator well into the vagina.
Push the plunger to release the tablet.
Remove the applicator and rinse it thoroughly in warm running water, wipe dry with a soft tissue and keep the applicator for subsequent use.
High doses of progesterone may cause drowsiness.
Treatment of overdosage consists of discontinuation of ENDOMETRIN together with institution of appropriate symptomatic and supportive care.
ENDOMETRIN should not be used in individuals with any of the following conditions: Hypersensitivity to progesterone or to any of the excipients.
Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.
Known missed abortion or ectopic pregnancy.
Severe hepatic dysfunction.
Known or suspected breast or genital tract cancer.
Active arterial or venous thromboembolism or severe thrombophlebitis, or a history of these events.
ENDOMETRIN should be discontinued if any of the following conditions are suspected: Myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disorders, arterial or venous thromboembolism (venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism), thrombophlebitis, or retinal thrombosis.
Cautious use in patients with mild to moderate hepatic dysfunction.
Patients with a history of depression need to be closely observed. Consider discontinuation if symptoms worsen.
Because progesterone may cause some degree of fluid retention, conditions that might be influenced by this factor (e.g. epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cardiac or renal dysfunction) require careful observation.
A decrease in insulin sensitivity and thereby in glucose tolerance has been observed in a small number of patients on oestrogen-progestogen combination drugs. The mechanism of this decrease is not known. For this reason, diabetic patients should be carefully observed while receiving progesterone therapy.
Sex steroid use may also increase the risk of retinal vascular lesions. To prevent these latter complications, caution is to be taken in users >35 years, in smokers, and in those with risk factors for atherosclerosis. Use should be terminated in case of transient ischemic events, appearance of sudden severe headaches, or vision impairments related to papillary edema or retinal hemorrhage.
Abrupt discontinuation of ENDOMETRIN may cause increased anxiety, moodiness, and increased sensibility to seizures.
Before starting treatment with ENDOMETRIN, the patient and her partner should be assessed by a doctor for causes of infertility.
Effects on the Ability to Drive or Operate Machinery: ENDOMETRIN has minor or moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Progesterone may cause drowsiness and/or dizziness. Caution is therefore advised in drivers and users of machines.
Pregnancy: ENDOMETRIN vaginal tablets are only indicated during the first trimester of pregnancy for use as part of an assisted reproduction (ART) regimen.
There is yet limited and inconclusive data on the risk of congenital anomalies, including genital abnormalities in male or female infants, following intrauterine exposure during pregnancy.
In the pivotal trial, the rate of foetal anomalies following 10-week exposure to ENDOMETRIN 100 mg three times daily was 4.5% in the ENDOMETRIN three times daily group, a total of 7 cases of foetal anomalies (i.e. oesophageal fistula, underdeveloped right ear with hypospadias, small aorta/ valvular regurgitation/ deviated septum, hand deformity, cleft palate/cleft lip, hydrocephalus and holoprosencephaly/ proboscis/ polydactylia) were seen in 404 patients. The rate of foetal anomalies observed during the clinical trial is comparable with the event rate described in the general population, although the total exposure is too low to allow conclusions to be drawn.
During the conduct of the pivotal clinical trial, the number of spontaneous abortions and ectopic pregnancies associated with the use of ENDOMETRIN 100 mg three times daily were 5.4% and 1%, respectively.
Lactation: Detectable amounts of progesterone have been identified in the milk of mothers. Therefore ENDOMETRIN should not be used during lactation.
The most frequently reported adverse drug reactions during treatment with ENDOMETRIN in IVF patients during clinical trials are headache, vulvovaginal disorders and uterine spasm, reported in 1.5%, 1.5% and 1.4% subjects, respectively. The table below displays the main adverse drug reactions in women treated with ENDOMETRIN in the clinical trial distributed by system organ classes (SOCs) and frequency. (See table.)
Click on icon to see table/diagram/image
Drugs known to induce the hepatic cytochrome-P450-3A4 system such as rifampicin, carbamazepine and also herbal products containing St. John's wort, (Hypericum perforatum) may increase the elimination of progesterone.
Ketoconazole and other inhibitors of cytochrome P450-3A4 may increase the bioavailability of progesterone.
The effect of concomitant vaginal products on the exposure of progesterone from ENDOMETRIN has not been assessed. ENDOMETRIN is not recommended for use with other vaginal products (such as antifungal products) as this may alter progesterone release and absorption from the vaginal tablet.
Incompatibilities: Not applicable.
Store at temperatures not exceeding 30⁰C.
Shelf-Life: 3 years.
G03DA04 - progesterone ; Belongs to the class of pregnen (4) derivative progestogens.
Vag tab (with 1 vag applicator) 100 mg (white to off-white flat and oval tablet with the inscriptions "FPI" on one side and "100" on the other side) x 7 x 3's.