Evenity

Evenity

romosozumab

Manufacturer:

Amgen

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Romosozumab.
Description
Romosozumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG2) produced in a mammalian cell line (Chinese Hamster Ovary) by recombinant DNA technology that binds to and inhibits sclerostin. Romosozumab has an approximate molecular weight of 149 kDa.
Two 105 mg/1.17 mL single-use prefilled syringes are required to administer the recommended 210 mg dose of EVENITY [see Important Dosage and Administration Instructions under Dosage & Administration]. Each single-use prefilled syringe delivers 1.17 mL of solution containing 105 mg of romosozumab, acetate (3.8 mg), calcium (0.61 mg), polysorbate 20 (0.07 mg) and sucrose (70 mg) in Water for Injection, USP, and sodium hydroxide to a pH of 5.2.
Action
Pharmacology: Mechanism of Action: EVENITY inhibits the action of sclerostin, a regulatory factor in bone metabolism. EVENITY increases bone formation and, to a lesser extent, decreases bone resorption. Animal studies showed that romosozumab stimulates new bone formation on trabecular and endocortical bone surfaces by stimulating osteoblastic activity resulting in increases in trabecular and cortical bone mass and improvements in bone structure and strength [see Nonclinical Toxicology and Clinical Studies as follows].
Pharmacodynamics: In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, EVENITY increased the bone formation marker procollagen type 1 N-telopeptide (P1NP) with a peak increase from baseline of approximately 145% compared to placebo 2 weeks after initiating treatment, followed by a return to concentrations seen with placebo at month 9 and a decline from baseline to approximately 15% below the concentration change seen with placebo at month 12.
EVENITY decreased the bone resorption marker type 1 collagen C-telopeptide (CTX) with a maximal reduction from baseline of approximately 55% compared to placebo 2 weeks after initiating treatment.
CTX remained below concentrations seen with placebo and was approximately 25% below the concentration change seen with placebo at month 12.
After discontinuation of EVENITY, P1NP levels returned to baseline within 12 months; CTX increased above baseline levels within 3 months and returned toward baseline levels by month 12.
Clinical Studies:Treatment of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Study 1 (NCT01575834) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of postmenopausal women aged 55 to 90 years (mean age of 71 years) with bone mineral density (BMD) T-score less than or equal to -2.5 at the total hip or femoral neck. Women were randomized to receive subcutaneous injections of either EVENITY (N = 3589) or placebo (N = 3591) for 12 months. At baseline, 18% of women had a vertebral fracture. After the 12-month treatment period, women in both arms transitioned to open-label anti-resorptive therapy (denosumab) for 12 months while remaining blinded to their initial treatment. Women received 500 to 1000 mg calcium and 600 to 800 international units vitamin D supplementation daily. The coprimary efficacy endpoints were new vertebral fracture at month 12 and month 24.
Effect on Fractures: EVENITY significantly reduced the incidence of new vertebral fractures through month 12 compared to placebo. In addition, the significant reduction in fracture risk persisted through the second year in women who received EVENITY during the first year and transitioned to denosumab compared to those who transitioned from placebo to denosumab (see Table 1).

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EVENITY significantly reduced the incidence of clinical fracture (a composite endpoint of symptomatic vertebral fracture and nonvertebral fracture) at 12 months. However, 88% of these clinical fractures were nonvertebral fractures and the incidence of nonvertebral fractures was not statistically significantly different when comparing EVENITY-treated women to placebo-treated women at month 12 or month 24.
Effect on BMD: EVENITY significantly increased BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck compared with placebo at month 12. The treatment differences in BMD were 12.7% at the lumbar spine, 5.8% at the total hip, and 5.2% at the femoral neck.
Following the transition from EVENITY to denosumab at month 12, BMD continued to increase through month 24. In patients who transitioned from placebo to denosumab, BMD also increased with denosumab use. The differences in BMD achieved at month 12 between EVENITY and placebo patients were overall maintained at month 24, when comparing patients who transitioned from EVENITY to denosumab to those who transitioned from placebo to denosumab. There was no evidence of differences in effects on BMD at the lumbar spine or total hip across subgroups defined by baseline age, baseline BMD, or geographic region.
After EVENITY discontinuation, BMD returns to approximately baseline levels within 12 months in the absence of follow-on anti-resorptive therapy [see Indications/Uses].
Bone Histology and Histomorphometry: A total of 154 transiliac crest bone biopsy specimens were obtained from 139 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at month 2, month 12, and/or month 24. All of these biopsies were adequate for qualitative histology and 138 (90%) were adequate for full quantitative histomorphometry assessment.
Qualitative histology assessments from women treated with EVENITY showed normal bone architecture and quality at all time points. There was no evidence of woven bone, mineralization defects, or marrow fibrosis.
Histomorphometry assessments on biopsies at months 2 and 12 compared the effect of EVENITY with placebo (15 specimens at month 2 and 39 specimens at month 12 in the EVENITY group, 14 specimens at month 2 and 31 specimens at month 12 in the placebo group). At month 2 in women treated with EVENITY, histomorphometric indices of bone formation at trabecular and endocortical surfaces were increased. These effects on bone formation were accompanied by a decrease in indices of bone resorption.
At month 12, both bone formation and resorption indices were decreased with EVENITY, while bone volume, and trabecular and cortical thickness were increased.
Study 2 (NCT01631214) was a randomized, double-blind, alendronate-controlled study of postmenopausal women aged 55 to 90 years (mean age of 74 years) with BMD T-score less than or equal to -2.5 at the total hip or femoral neck and either one moderate or severe vertebral fracture or two mild vertebral fractures, or BMD T-score less than or equal to -2.0 at the total hip or femoral neck and either two moderate or severe vertebral fractures or a history of a proximal femur fracture. Women were randomized (1:1) to receive either monthly subcutaneous injections of EVENITY (N = 2046) or oral alendronate 70 mg weekly (N = 2047) for 12 months, with 500 to 1000 mg calcium and 600 to 800 international units vitamin D supplementation daily. After the 12-month treatment period, women in both arms transitioned to open-label alendronate 70 mg weekly while remaining blinded to their initial treatment.
This was an event-driven trial. The coprimary efficacy endpoints were the incidence of morphometric vertebral fracture at 24 months and time to the first clinical fracture through the primary analysis period, which ended when at least 330 subjects had a clinical fracture and all subjects had completed the 24-month visit. Clinical fracture was a composite endpoint of nonvertebral fracture and symptomatic vertebral fracture.
Effect on Fractures: EVENITY significantly reduced the incidence of new vertebral fracture at 24 months (see Table 2).

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EVENITY significantly reduced the risk of clinical fracture through the end of the primary analysis period (see Table 3). This was an event-driven trial and the duration of follow-up varied across subjects.
The median duration of subject follow-up for the primary analysis period was 33 months. Subjects with nonvertebral fracture comprised 83% of the subjects with clinical fracture during the primary analysis period. (See Table 3.)

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EVENITY followed by alendronate also significantly reduced the risk of nonvertebral fracture through the primary analysis period (with a median follow-up of 33 months), with a hazard ratio of 0.81 (95% CI: 0.66, 0.99; p = 0.04) compared to alendronate alone.
Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD): EVENITY significantly increased BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck compared with alendronate at month 12. The treatment differences in BMD were 8.7% at the lumbar spine, 3.3% at the total hip, and 3.2% at the femoral neck.
Twelve months of treatment with EVENITY followed by 12 months of treatment with alendronate significantly increased BMD compared with alendronate alone. The BMD increase with EVENITY over alendronate observed at month 12 was maintained at month 24. The treatment differences in BMD at month 24 were 8.1% at the lumbar spine, 3.8% at the total hip, and 3.8% at the femoral neck.
There was no evidence of differences in effects on BMD at the lumbar spine or total hip across subgroups defined by baseline age, baseline BMD, or geographic region.
Pharmacokinetics: Administration of a single dose of 210 mg EVENITY in healthy volunteers resulted in a mean (standard deviation [SD]) maximum romosozumab serum concentration (Cmax) of 22.2 (5.8) mcg/mL and a mean (SD) AUC of 389 (127) mcg*day/mL. Steady-state concentrations were achieved by month 3 following the monthly administration of 210 mg to postmenopausal women. The mean trough serum romosozumab concentrations at months 3, 6, 9, and 12 ranged from 8 to 13 mcg/mL.
Romosozumab exhibited nonlinear pharmacokinetics with exposure increasing greater than dose proportionally (e.g., 550-fold increase in mean AUCinf for the 100-fold increase in subcutaneous doses ranging from 0.1 to 10 mg/kg [0.03 to 3.3 times the approved recommended dosage for a 70 kg woman).
Absorption: The median time to maximum romosozumab concentration (Tmax) is 5 days (range: 2 to 7 days).
Distribution: The estimated volume of distribution at steady-state is approximately 3.92 L.
Elimination: Romosozumab exhibited nonlinear pharmacokinetics with the clearance of romosozumab decreasing as the dose increased. The estimated mean systemic clearance (CL/F) of romosozumab was 0.38 mL/hr/kg, following a single subcutaneous administration of 3 mg/kg (the approved recommended dosage for a 70 kg woman). The mean effective was t½ 12.8 days after 3 doses of 3 mg/kg (the approved recommended dosage for a 70 kg woman) every 4 weeks.
Metabolism: The metabolic pathway of romosozumab has not been characterized. As a humanized IgG2 monoclonal antibody, romosozumab is expected to be degraded into small peptides and amino acids via catabolic pathways in a manner similar to endogenous IgG.
Anti-Product Antibody Formation Affecting Pharmacokinetics: Development of anti-romosozumab antibodies was associated with reduced serum romosozumab concentrations. The presence of anti-romosozumab antibodies led to decreased mean romosozumab concentrations up to 22%. The presence of neutralizing antibodies led to decreased mean romosozumab concentrations up to 63% [see Adverse Reactions].
Specific Populations: No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of romosozumab were observed based on age (20-89 years), sex, race, disease state (low bone mass or osteoporosis), prior exposure to alendronate, or renal impairment including end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis. The effect of ESRD not requiring dialysis on the pharmacokinetics of romosozumab is unknown.
Body Weight: The exposure of romosozumab decreases with increasing body weight.
Nonclinical Toxicology: Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: Carcinogenicity: In a rat carcinogenicity study, once-weekly romosozumab doses of 3, 10 or 50 mg/kg were administered by subcutaneous injection to Sprague-Dawley rats from 8 weeks up to 98 weeks of age, resulting in systemic exposures that were up to 19 times the systemic exposure observed in humans following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg EVENITY (based on AUC comparison). Romosozumab caused a dose-dependent increase in bone mass with trabecular and cortical bone thickening at all doses. There were no effects of romosozumab on mortality and romosozumab did not cause significant increases in tumor incidence in male or female rats.
Mutagenicity: Mutagenesis has not been evaluated, as monoclonal antibodies are not expected to alter DNA or chromosomes.
Impairment of Fertility: No effects on fertility were observed in male and female rats given subcutaneous romosozumab doses up to 300 mg/kg (up to 56 times the systemic exposure observed in humans following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg EVENITY, based on AUC comparison). No effects were noted in reproductive organs in rats and cynomolgus monkeys dosed subcutaneously for 6 months with weekly doses up to 100 mg/kg (exposures up to 38 and 93 times, respectively, the systemic exposure observed in humans administered monthly subcutaneous doses of 210 mg based on AUC comparison).
Animal Toxicology and Pharmacology: No adverse effects were noted in rats and monkeys after 26 once-weekly subcutaneous romosozumab doses up to 100 mg/kg, equivalent to systemic exposures of 38 and 93 times, respectively, the systemic exposure observed in humans following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg EVENITY (based on AUC comparison).
Bone safety studies of up to 12-month duration were conducted in ovariectomized rats and monkeys with once-weekly romosozumab doses yielding exposures ranging from 1 to 22 times the systemic exposure in humans given monthly doses of 210 mg, based on AUC comparison. Romosozumab increased bone mass and improved cancellous bone microarchitecture and cortical bone geometry by increasing bone formation on periosteal, endocortical, and trabecular surfaces, and decreasing bone resorption on trabecular and endocortical surfaces. The increases in bone mass were significantly correlated with increases in bone strength. In rats and monkeys, bone quality was maintained at all skeletal sites at doses ranging from 1 to 22 times human exposure, and slightly improved in vertebrae at 19 to 22 times human exposure. There was no evidence of mineralization defects, osteoid accumulation, or woven bone formation.
Indications/Uses
Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture: EVENITY is indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy.
Limitations of Use: The anabolic effect of EVENITY wanes after 12 monthly doses of therapy. Therefore, the duration of EVENITY use should be limited to 12 monthly doses. If osteoporosis therapy remains warranted, continued therapy with an anti-resorptive agent should be considered [see Recommended Dosage under Dosage & Administration and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions].
Dosage/Direction for Use
Important Dosage and Administration Instructions: Two separate syringes (and two separate subcutaneous injections) are needed to administer the total dose of 210 mg of EVENITY. Inject two 105 mg/1.17 mL prefilled syringes, one after the other.
EVENITY should be administered by a healthcare provider.
Recommended Dosage: The recommended dose of EVENITY is 210 mg administered subcutaneously in the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Administer EVENITY once every month.
The treatment duration for EVENITY is 12 monthly doses.
Patients should be adequately supplemented with calcium and vitamin D during treatment with EVENITY [see Hypocalcemia under Precautions and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions].
If the EVENITY dose is missed, administer as soon as it can be rescheduled. Thereafter, EVENITY can be scheduled every month from the date of the last dose.
Preparation and Administration Instructions: Step 1: Prior to Administration: Remove two syringes from the carton.
Visually inspect EVENITY for particles and discoloration prior to administration. EVENITY is a clear to opalescent, colorless to light yellow solution. Do not use if the solution is cloudy or discolored or contains particles.
Do not use the syringe if: any part appears cracked or broken; the gray needle cap is missing or not securely attached; the expiration date printed on the label has passed.
Always hold the prefilled syringe by the syringe barrel to remove the syringe from the tray.
Do not grasp the plunger rod.
Do not grasp the gray needle cap.
Do not remove the gray needle cap until ready to inject.
Allow EVENITY to sit at room temperature for at least 30 minutes before injecting. Do not warm in any other way [see Storage].
Step 2: Select the Injection Site and Prepare the Syringe: Prepare and clean two injection sites, one for each of the two injections.
The recommended subcutaneous injection sites include: The thigh; Abdomen, except for a two-inch area right around the navel; Outer area of upper arm.
Clean the injection sites with alcohol wipes. Let the skin dry.
Choose a different site each time when giving an injection. If wanting to use the same injection site, make sure it is not the same spot on the injection site used for a previous injection.
Do not inject into areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red, or hard. Avoid injecting into areas with scars or stretch marks.
Choose the first syringe. Pull the gray needle cap straight off and away from the body when ready to inject.
Do not put the gray needle cap back onto the syringe.
Step 3: Inject EVENITY: Insert needle and inject all the liquid subcutaneously. Do not administer into muscle or blood vessel.
When done, gently lift the syringe off of the skin.
Step 4: Syringe and Needle Cap Disposal: Immediately dispose of the syringe and needle cap in the nearest sharps container.
Important: Repeat all steps with the second syringe to inject the full dose.
Overdosage
There is no experience with overdosage in clinical trials with EVENITY.
Contraindications
EVENITY is contraindicated in patients with: Hypocalcemia. Pre-existing hypocalcemia must be corrected prior to initiating therapy with EVENITY [see Hypocalcemia and Renal Impairment under Precautions and Adverse Reactions].
A history of systemic hypersensitivity to romosozumab or to any component of the product formulation. Reactions have included angioedema, erythema multiforme, and urticaria [see Hypersensitivity Reactions under Precautions and Adverse Reactions].
Warnings
POTENTIAL RISK OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, STROKE AND CARDIOVASCULAR DEATH: EVENITY may increase the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death [see Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) under Precautions]. EVENITY should not be initiated in patients who have had a myocardial infarction or stroke within the preceding year. Consider whether the benefits outweigh the risks in patients with other cardiovascular risk factors.
If a patient experiences a myocardial infarction or stroke during therapy, EVENITY should be discontinued.
Special Precautions
Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE): In a randomized controlled trial in postmenopausal women, there was a higher rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal stroke, in patients treated with EVENITY compared to those treated with alendronate [see Warnings and Adverse Reactions].
EVENITY should not be initiated in patients who have had a myocardial infarction or stroke within the preceding year. Consider whether the benefits outweigh the risks in patients with other cardiovascular risk factors. Monitor for signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction and stroke and instruct patients to seek prompt medical attention if symptoms occur. If a patient experiences a myocardial infarction or stroke during therapy, EVENITY should be discontinued.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema, erythema multiforme, dermatitis, rash, and urticaria have occurred in EVENITY-treated patients. If an anaphylactic or other clinically significant allergic reaction occurs, initiate appropriate therapy and discontinue further use of EVENITY [see Contraindications and Adverse Reactions].
Hypocalcemia: Hypocalcemia has occurred in patients receiving EVENITY. Correct hypocalcemia prior to initiating EVENITY [see Contraindications, Adverse Reactions and Renal Impairment as follows]. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia. Patients should be adequately supplemented with calcium and vitamin D while on EVENITY [see Recommended Dosage under Dosage & Administration and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions].
Patients with severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2) or receiving dialysis are at greater risk of developing hypocalcemia. Monitor serum calcium and adequately supplement patients who have severe renal impairment or are receiving dialysis with calcium and vitamin D. Instruct patients with severe renal impairment, including those receiving dialysis, about the symptoms of hypocalcemia and the importance of maintaining calcium levels with adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation.
Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), which can occur spontaneously, is generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection with delayed healing and has occurred rarely in patients receiving EVENITY in the clinical trials. A routine oral examination should be performed by the prescriber prior to initiation of EVENITY treatment. Concomitant administration of drugs associated with ONJ (chemotherapy, bisphosphonates, denosumab, angiogenesis inhibitors, and corticosteroids) may increase the risk of developing ONJ. Other risk factors for ONJ include cancer, radiotherapy, poor oral hygiene, pre-existing dental disease or infection, anemia, and coagulopathy [see Adverse Reactions].
For patients requiring invasive dental procedures, clinical judgment of the treating physician and/or oral surgeon should guide the management plan of each patient based on benefit-risk assessment. Patients who are suspected of having or who develop ONJ while on EVENITY should receive care by a dentist or an oral surgeon. In these patients, dental surgery to treat ONJ may exacerbate the condition. Discontinuation of EVENITY should be considered based on benefit-risk assessment.
Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures: Atypical low-energy or low trauma fractures of the femoral shaft, which can occur spontaneously, has occurred rarely in patients receiving EVENITY in the clinical trials [see Adverse Reactions]. These fractures can occur anywhere in the femoral shaft from just below the lesser trochanter to above the supracondylar flare and are transverse or short oblique in orientation without evidence of comminution. Causality has not been established as these fractures also occur in osteoporotic patients who have not been treated.
Atypical femoral fractures most commonly occur with minimal or no trauma to the affected area. They may be bilateral and many patients report prodromal pain in the affected area, usually presenting as dull, aching thigh pain, weeks to months before a complete fracture occurs.
During EVENITY treatment, patients should be advised to report new or unusual thigh, hip, or groin pain. Any patient who presents with thigh or groin pain should be suspected of having an atypical fracture and should be evaluated to rule out an incomplete femur fracture. Patient presenting with an atypical femur fracture should also be assessed for symptoms and signs of fracture in the contralateral limb. Interruption of EVENITY therapy should be considered based on benefit-risk assessment [see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions].
Hepatic Impairment: No clinical studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of hepatic impairment.
Renal Impairment: No dose adjustment is required in patients with renal impairment.
Patients with severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2 by MDRD equation) or receiving dialysis are at greater risk of developing hypocalcemia [see Contraindications, Hypocalcemia as previously mentioned, and Adverse Reactions]. Monitor calcium concentrations and adequately supplement calcium and vitamin D in patients who have severe renal impairment or are receiving dialysis.
Use in Children: Safety and effectiveness of EVENITY have not been established in pediatric patients.
Use in Elderly: Of the 6544 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in the clinical studies of EVENITY, 5234 (80%) were age 65 years and over and 2390 (37%) were age 75 years and over. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in response between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy: Risk Summary: EVENITY is not indicated for use in women of reproductive potential. In animal reproduction studies, weekly administration of romosozumab to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis at exposures greater than 32 times the clinical exposure produced skeletal abnormalities in the offspring.
Administration of romosozumab to rats prior to mating and through to the end of lactation produced minimal to slight decreases in femoral bone mineral density and/or cortical circumferences in the offspring at 1.5 to 56 times the expected exposure in humans [see Data as follows].
Data: Animal Data: Reproductive and developmental effects of romosozumab were assessed in the rat in a preliminary and definitive embryo-fetal development study, a combined fertility and embryo-development study, and a pre- and postnatal development study.
Skeletal malformations including syndactyly and polydactyly occurred in 1 out of 75 litters across all rat reproductive toxicity studies, in the litter of a dam given weekly subcutaneous romosozumab doses of 300 mg/kg (equivalent to at least 32 times the clinical exposure observed in humans following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg, based on area under the concentration-time curve [AUC] comparison).
In the offspring of female rats given weekly romosozumab doses from 6 weeks before cohabitation through mating and lactation, femoral periosteal and endocortical circumferences were slightly decreased at 10, 60, and 300 mg/kg (equivalent to 1.5, 19, and 56 times the clinical exposure following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg, based on AUC comparison). Cortical thickness was increased at 300 mg/kg (equivalent to 56 times expected clinical exposure). Femoral metaphyseal bone mineral density was slightly decreased at 60 and 300 mg/kg (equivalent to 19 and 56 times expected clinical exposure).
Lactation: Risk Summary: EVENITY is not indicated for use in women of reproductive potential. In animal studies where pregnant rats were given weekly doses of romosozumab from 6 weeks before cohabitation through mating and lactation at 10, 60, or 300 mg/kg (equivalent to 1.5, 19 or 56 times the clinical exposure following a monthly subcutaneous dose of 210 mg, based on AUC comparison), romosozumab was dose-dependently present in the serum of offspring on postnatal day 21 at 0.01 to 2.4 times maternal exposure due to gestational and/or lactational exposure.
Adverse Reactions
The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the monograph: Major Adverse Cardiac Events [see Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) under Warnings and Precautions].
Hypersensitivity [see Contraindications and Precautions].
Hypocalcemia [see Contraindications and Precautions].
Osteonecrosis of the Jaw [see Osteonecrosis of the Jaw under Precautions].
Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures [see Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures under Precautions].
Clinical Trials Experience: Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The safety of EVENITY for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (Study 1, NCT01575834) of 7180 postmenopausal women aged 55 to 90 years (mean age of 71 years). A total of 3581 and 3576 women received at least one dose of EVENITY and placebo, respectively, administered once every month during the 12-month double-blind study period. Women received at least 500 mg calcium and 600 international units of vitamin D supplementation daily and 77% received a loading dose of 50,000 to 60,000 international units of vitamin D within one week of randomization (if serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were 40 ng/mL or less).
The safety of EVENITY for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in patients at high risk of fracture was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, alendronate-controlled study (Study 2, NCT01631214) of 4093 postmenopausal women aged 55 to 90 years (mean age of 74 years). A total of 2040 and 2014 women received at least one dose of EVENITY and alendronate, respectively, during the 12-month double-blind study period. Women received at least 500 mg calcium and 600 international units vitamin D supplementation daily and 74% received a loading dose of 50,000 to 60,000 international units of vitamin D within one week of randomization (if serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were 40 ng/mL or less).
In Study 1, during the 12-month double-blind treatment period, the incidence of all-cause mortality was 0.7% (24/3576) in the placebo group and 0.8% (29/3581) in the EVENITY group. The incidence of nonfatal serious adverse events was 8.3% in the placebo group and 9.1% in the EVENITY group. The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 1.1% in the placebo group and 1.1% in the EVENITY group. The most common adverse reactions reported with EVENITY (greater than or equal to 5% and at a higher incidence than placebo) were arthralgia and headache. The most common adverse reaction leading to discontinuation of EVENITY was arthralgia (6 subjects [0.2%] in the placebo group and 5 subjects [0.1%] in the EVENITY group).
In Study 2, during the 12-month double-blind treatment period, the incidence of all-cause mortality was 1.1% (22/2014) in the alendronate group and 1.5% (30/2040) in the EVENITY group. The incidence of nonfatal serious adverse events was 13.3% in the alendronate group and 11.9% in the EVENITY group. The percentage of patients who withdrew from the study due to adverse events was 1.2% in the alendronate group and 1.2% in the EVENITY group. The most common adverse reactions reported with EVENITY (greater than or equal to 5%) were arthralgia and headache.
Table 4 outlines the most common adverse reactions occurring in greater than or equal to 2% of EVENITY-treated women in at least one study. (See Table 4.)

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The adverse reactions described as follows are from the 12-month treatment periods of Study 1 (placebo-controlled) and Study 2 (alendronate-controlled).
Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE): During the 12-month double-blind treatment period of the placebo-controlled trial (Study 1), myocardial infarction occurred in 9 women (0.3%) in the EVENITY group and 8 (0.2%) women in the placebo group; stroke occurred in 8 women (0.2%) in the EVENITY group and 10 (0.3%) women in the placebo group. These events occurred in patients with and without a history of myocardial infarction or stroke. Cardiovascular death occurred in 17 women (0.5%) in the EVENITY group and 15 (0.4%) women in the placebo group. The number of women with positively adjudicated MACE was 30 (0.8%) in the EVENITY group and 29 (0.8%) in the placebo group, yielding a hazard ratio of 1.03 (95% confidence interval [0.62, 1.72]) for EVENITY compared to placebo.
During the 12-month double-blind treatment period of the active-controlled trial (Study 2), myocardial infarction occurred in 16 women (0.8%) in the EVENITY group and 5 (0.2%) women in the alendronate group; stroke occurred in 13 women (0.6%) in the EVENITY group and 7 (0.3%) women in the alendronate group. These events occurred in patients with and without a history of myocardial infarction or stroke. Cardiovascular death occurred in 17 women (0.8%) in the EVENITY group and 12 (0.6%) women in the alendronate group. The number of women with positively adjudicated MACE was 41 (2.0%) in the EVENITY group and 22 (1.1%) in the alendronate group, yielding a hazard ratio of 1.87 (95% confidence interval [1.11, 3.14]) for EVENITY compared to alendronate [see Warnings and Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) under Precautions].
Injection Site Reactions: Across both trials, injection site reactions occurred in 278 (4.9%) women in the EVENITY group and 157(2.8%) women in the control group. The most common injection site reactions were pain (94 [1.7%] women in the EVENITY group; 70 [1.3%] in the control group) and erythema (80 [1.4%] women in the EVENITY group and 14 [0.3%] women in the control group). Injection site reactions resulted in discontinuation of treatment in 7 (0.1%) EVENITY-treated patients and 3 (< 0.1%) patients in the control group.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Across both trials, hypersensitivity reactions were reported in 364 (6.5%) women in the EVENITY group and 365 (6.5%) women in the control group. Reported reactions included angioedema (3 women [< 0.1%]in the EVENITY group vs. 3 [< 0.1%] women in the control group), erythema multiforme (1 woman [< 0.1%] in the EVENITY group vs. no woman in the control group), dermatitis (32 women [0.6%] in the EVENITY group vs. 42 women [0.8%] in the control group), rash (60 women [1.1%] in the EVENITY group vs. 53 women [0.9%] in the control group), and urticaria (23 women [0.4%] in the EVENITY group vs. 27 women [0.5%] in the control group). Although angioedema, dermatitis and urticaria were not reported at a higher incidence with EVENITY than control, there were cases of angioedema, dermatitis and urticaria that were determined to be related to EVENITY use [see Contraindications and Hypersensitivity Reactions under Precautions].
Hypocalcemia: Across both trials, adverse events of hypocalcemia occurred in 2 EVENITY-treated women and in 1 woman in the control group. Decreases in albumin-adjusted serum calcium to below the lower limit of the reference range (8.3 mg/dL) were reported in 14 (0.2%) women in the EVENITY group and 10 (0.2%) women in the control group. No patient receiving EVENITY developed serum calcium less than 7.5 mg/dL. The nadir in albumin-adjusted serum calcium occurred by month 1 after EVENITY dosing in patients with normal renal function [see Contraindications and Hypocalcemia under Precautions].
Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: Across both trials, osteonecrosis of the jaw occurred in one patient during treatment with EVENITY. [see Osteonecrosis of the Jaw under Precautions].
Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Fractures: Across both trials, atypical femoral fracture occurred in one patient during treatment with EVENITY [see Atypical Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures under Precautions].
Immunogenicity: As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies in the studies described as follows with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other romosozumab products may be misleading.
The immunogenicity of EVENITY was evaluated using an immunoassay for the detection of anti-romosozumab antibodies. An in vitro biological assay was performed to detect neutralizing antibodies for those subjects whose sera tested positive for anti-romosozumab antibodies.
Among 5914 postmenopausal women treated with EVENITY 210 mg monthly, 18.1% of subjects developed antibodies to romosozumab. Of the subjects who developed antibodies to romosozumab, 4.7% had antibodies that were classified as neutralizing. Development of antibodies to romosozumab was associated with lower serum romosozumab concentrations [see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions].
Antibodies to romosozumab were generally not associated with changes in the efficacy or safety of EVENITY.
Drug Interactions
No drug interaction studies have been conducted with EVENITY.
Storage
Refrigerate EVENITY at 2°C to 8°C in the original carton to protect from light. Do not freeze. Do not shake.
If removed from the refrigerator, EVENITY can be kept at room temperature up to 25°C in the original carton and must be used within 30 days. If not used within 30 days, discard EVENITY.
Do not expose EVENITY to temperatures above 25°C.
ATC Classification
M05BX06 - romosozumab ; Belongs to the class of other drugs affecting bone structure and mineralization. Used in the treatment of bone diseases.
Presentation/Packing
Soln for inj (pre-filled syringe) 105 mg/1.17 mL (clear to opalescent, colorless to light yellow solution) x 2's.
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