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Evrysdi

Evrysdi

Manufacturer:

Roche

Distributor:

DKSH

Marketer:

Roche
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Risdiplam.
Description
Each bottle contains 60 mg risdiplam in 2 g powder for oral solution.
Each mL of the constituted solution contains 0.75 mg risdiplam.
Excipients with known effects: Each mL contains 0.38 mg of sodium benzoate (E 211) and 2.97 mg of isomalt (E 953).
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: mannitol (E 421), isomalt (E 953), strawberry flavour, tartaric acid (E 334), sodium benzoate (E 211), macrogol/polyethylene glycol 6000, sucralose, ascorbic acid (E 300), disodium edetate dihydrate.
Action
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Other drugs for disorders of the musculo-skeletal system. ATC code: M09AX10.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Mechanism of action: Risdiplam is a survival of motor neuron 2 (SMN2) pre-mRNA splicing modifier designed to treat SMA caused by mutations of the SMN1 gene in chromosome 5q that lead to SMN protein deficiency. Functional SMN protein deficiency is directly linked to the SMA pathophysiology which includes progressive loss of motor neurons and muscle weakness. Risdiplam corrects the splicing of SMN2 to shift the balance from exon 7 exclusion to exon 7 inclusion into the mRNA transcript, leading to an increased production of functional and stable SMN protein. Thus, risdiplam treats SMA by increasing and sustaining functional SMN protein levels.
Pharmacodynamic effects: In clinical studies, risdiplam led to an increase in SMN protein in blood with a greater than 2-fold median change from baseline within 4 weeks of treatment initiation. The increase was sustained throughout the treatment period (of at least 12 months) across all SMA types.
Clinical efficacy and safety: The efficacy of Evrysdi for the treatment of SMA patients with infantile-onset (SMA Type 1) and later-onset SMA (SMA type 2 and 3) was evaluated in 2 pivotal clinical studies, FIREFISH and SUNFISH. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of Type 4 SMA have not been studied in clinical trials.
Infantile-onset SMA: Study BP39056 (FIREFISH) is an open-label, 2-part study to investigate the efficacy, safety, PK and pharmacodynamics (PD) of Evrysdi in symptomatic Type 1 SMA patients (all patients had genetically confirmed disease with 2 copies of the SMN2 gene). Part 1 of FIREFISH was designed as a dose-finding part of the study. The confirmatory Part 2 of the FIREFISH study assessed the efficacy of Evrysdi. Patients from Part 1 did not take part in Part 2.
The key efficacy endpoint was the ability to sit without support for at least 5 seconds, as measured by Item 22 of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - Third Edition (BSID-III) gross motor scale, after 12 months of treatment.
FIREFISH Part 2: In FIREFISH Part 2, 41 patients with Type 1 SMA were enrolled. The median age of onset of clinical signs and symptoms of Type 1 SMA was 1.5 months (range: 1.0-3.0 months), 54% were female, 54% Caucasian and 34% Asian. The median age at enrolment was 5.3 months (range: 2.2-6.9 months) and the median time between onset of symptoms and first dose was 3.4 months (range: 1.0-6.0 months). At baseline, the median Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test for Neuromuscular Disease (CHOP-INTEND) score was 22.0 points (range: 8.0-37.0) and the median Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination Module 2 (HINE-2) score was 1.0 (range: 0.0-5.0).
The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with the ability to sit without support for at least 5 seconds after 12 months of treatment (BSID-III gross motor scale, Item 22). The key efficacy endpoints of Evrysdi treated patients are shown in Table 1. (See Table 1.)

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Untreated patients with infantile-onset SMA would never be able to sit without support and only 25% would be expected to survive without permanent ventilation beyond 14 months of age. (See Figures 1 and 2.)

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FIREFISH Part 1: The efficacy of Evrysdi in Type 1 SMA patients is also supported by results from FIREFISH Part 1. For the 21 patients from Part 1, the baseline characteristics were consistent with symptomatic patients with Type 1 SMA. The median age at enrollment was 6.7 months (range: 3.3-6.9 months) and the median time between onset of symptoms and first dose was 4.0 months (range: 2.0-5.8 months).
A total of 17 patients received the therapeutic dose of Evrysdi (dose selected for Part 2). After 12 months of treatment, 41% (7/17) of these patients were able to sit independently for at least 5 seconds (BSID-III, Item 22). After 24 months of treatment, 3 more patients receiving the therapeutic dose were able to sit independently for at least 5 seconds, leading to a total of 10 patients (59%) achieving this motor milestone.
After 12 months of treatment, 90% (19/21) of patients were alive and event-free (without permanent ventilation) and reached 15 months of age or older. After a minimum of 24 months of treatment, 81% (17/21) of patients were alive and event-free and reached an age of 28 months or older (median 32 months; range 28 to 45 months), see Figure 1. Three patients died during treatment and one patient died 3.5 months after discontinuing treatment.
Later Onset SMA: Study BP39055 (SUNFISH), is a 2-part, multicentre study to investigate the efficacy, safety, PK and PD of Evrysdi in SMA Type 2 or Type 3 patients between 2-25 years of age. Part 1 was the exploratory dose-finding portion and Part 2 was the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled confirmatory portion. Patients from Part 1 did not take part in Part 2.
The primary endpoint was the change from baseline score at Month 12 on the Motor Function Measure-32 (MFM32). The MFM32 has the ability to assess a wide range of motor function across a broad range of SMA patients. The total MFM32 score is expressed as a percentage (range: 0-100) of the maximum possible score, with higher scores indicating greater motor function.
SUNFISH Part 2: SUNFISH Part 2 is the randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled portion of the SUNFISH study in 180 non-ambulant patients with Type 2 (71%) or Type 3 (29%) SMA. Patients were randomized with 2:1 ratio to receive either Evrysdi at the therapeutic dose (see Dosage & Administration) or placebo. Randomization was stratified by age group (2 to 5, 6 to 11, 12 to 17, 18 to 25 years old).
The median age of patients at the start of treatment was 9.0 years old (range 2-25 years old), the median time between onset of initial SMA symptoms to first treatment was 102.6 (1-275) months. Overall, 30% were 2 to 5 years of age, 32% were 6 to 11 years of age, 26% were 12-17 years of age, and 12% were 18 to 25 years of age at study enrolment. Of the 180 patients included in the study, 51% were female, 67% Caucasian and 19% Asian. At baseline, 67% of patients had scoliosis (32% of patients with severe scoliosis). Patients had a mean baseline MFM32 score of 46.1 and Revised Upper Limb Module (RULM) score of 20.1. The baseline demographic characteristics were balanced between Evrysdi and placebo arms with the exception of scoliosis (63% of patients in the Evrysdi arm and 73% of patients in the placebo control).
The primary analysis for SUNFISH Part 2, the change from baseline in MFM32 total score at Month 12, showed a clinically meaningful and statistically significant difference between patients treated with Evrysdi and placebo. The results of the primary analysis and key secondary endpoints are shown in Table 2, Figures 3 & 4. (See Table 2.)

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Upon completion of 12 months of treatment, 117 patients continued to receive Evrysdi. At the time of the 24 month analysis, these patients who were treated with Evrysdi for 24 months overall experienced maintenance of improvement in motor function between month 12 and month 24. The mean change from baseline for MFM32 was 1.83 (95% CI: 0.74, 2.92) and for RULM was 2.79 (95% CI: 1.94, 3.64). (See Figures 3 & 4.)

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SUNFISH Part 1: Efficacy in later-onset SMA patients was also supported by results from Part 1, the dose-finding part of SUNFISH. In Part 1, 51 patients with Type 2 and 3 SMA (including 7 ambulatory patients) between 2 to 25 years of age were enrolled. After 1 year of treatment there was a clinically meaningful improvement in motor function as measured by MFM32, with a mean change from baseline of 2.7 points (95% CI: 1.5, 3.8). The improvement in MFM32 was maintained up to 2 years on treatment (mean change of 2.7 points [95% CI: 1.2, 4.2]).
Pharmacokinetics: Pharmacokinetic parameters have been characterised in healthy adult subjects and in patients with SMA.
After administration of treatment as an oral solution, PK of risdiplam were approximately linear between 0.6 and 18 mg. Risdiplam's PK was best described by a population PK model with three-transit-compartment absorption, two-compartment disposition and first-order elimination. Body weight and age were found to have significant effect on the PK.
The estimated exposure (mean AUC0-24h) for infantile-onset SMA patients (age 2-7 months at enrolment) at the therapeutic dose of 0.2 mg/kg once daily was 1930 ng.h/mL. The estimated exposure for later-onset SMA patients (2-25 years old at enrolment) in the SUNFISH (Part 2) study at the therapeutic dose (0.25 mg/kg once daily for patients with a body weight <20 kg; 5 mg once daily for patients with a body weight ≥20 kg) was 2070 ng.h/mL. The observed maximum concentration (mean Cmax) was 194 ng/mL at 0.2 mg/kg in FIREFISH and 120 ng/mL in SUNFISH Part 2.
Absorption: Risdiplam was rapidly absorbed in the fasted state with a plasma tmax ranging from 1 to 4 hours after oral administration. Based on limited data (n=3), food (high-fat, high calorie breakfast) had no relevant effect on the exposure of risdiplam. In the clinical studies, risdiplam was administered with a morning meal or after breastfeeding.
Distribution: Risdiplam distributes evenly to all parts of the body, including the central nervous system (CNS) by crossing the blood brain barrier, and thereby leading to SMN protein increase in the CNS and throughout the body. Concentrations of risdiplam in plasma and SMN protein in blood reflect its distribution and pharmacodynamic effects in tissues such as brain and muscle.
The population pharmacokinetic parameter estimates were 98 L for the apparent central volume of distribution, 93 L for the peripheral volume, and 0.68 L/hour for the inter-compartment clearance.
Risdiplam is predominantly bound to serum albumin, without any binding to alpha-1 acid glycoprotein, with a free fraction of 11%.
Biotransformation: Risdiplam is primarily metabolized by FMO1 and FMO3, and also by CYPs 1A1, 2J2, 3A4 and 3A7.
Co-administration of 200 mg itraconazole twice daily, a strong CYP3A inhibitor, with a single oral dose of 6 mg risdiplam showed no clinically relevant effect on the PK of risdiplam (11% increase in AUC, 9% decrease in Cmax).
Elimination: Population PK analyses estimated an apparent clearance (CL/F) of 2.6 L/h for risdiplam. The effective half-life of risdiplam was approximately 50 hours in SMA patients.
Risdiplam is not a substrate of human multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1).
Approximately 53% of the dose (14% unchanged risdiplam) was excreted in the feces and 28% in urine (8% unchanged risdiplam). Parent drug was the major component found in plasma, accounting for 83% of drug related material in circulation. The pharmacologically inactive metabolite M1 was identified as the major circulating metabolite.
Pharmacokinetics in special populations: Paediatric population: Body weight and age were identified as covariates in the population PK analysis. The dose is therefore adjusted based on age (below and above 2 years) and body weight (up to 20 kg) to obtain similar exposure across the age and body weight range. No data are available in patients less than 2 months of age.
Elderly population: No dedicated studies have been conducted to investigate PK in patients with SMA above 60 years of age. Subjects without SMA up to 69 years of age were included in the clinical PK studies, which indicates that no dose adjustment is required for patients up to 69 years of age.
Renal impairment: No studies have been conducted to investigate the PK of risdiplam in patients with renal impairment. Elimination of risdiplam as unchanged entity via renal excretion is minor (8%).
Hepatic impairment: Mild and moderate hepatic impairment had no significant impact on the PK of risdiplam. After a single oral administration of 5 mg risdiplam, the mean ratios for Cmax and AUC were 0.95 and 0.80 in mild (n=8) and 1.20 and 1.08 in moderate hepatic impaired subjects (n=8) versus matched healthy controls (n=10). The safety and PK in patients with severe hepatic impairment have not been studied.
Ethnicity: The PK of risdiplam do not differ in Japanese and Caucasian subjects.
Toxicology: Preclinical safety data: Impairment of fertility: Treatment with risdiplam was associated with male germ cell arrest in rats and monkeys without safety margins based on systemic exposures at the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL). These effects led to degenerated spermatocytes, degeneration/necrosis of the seminiferous epithelium, and oligo/aspermia in the epididymis. Sperm cell effects of risdiplam are likely related to an interference of risdiplam with the cell cycle of dividing cells, which is stage specific and expected to be reversible. No effects were seen on female reproductive organs in rats and monkeys after treatment with risdiplam.
No fertility and early embryonic development studies were conducted with concomitant administration of risdiplam, as sperm cell arrest and embryotoxic potential under treatment was already identified with treatment of rats and monkeys in other toxicity studies. No impairment on male fertility or female fertility was observed in two studies in which rats were mated, either following completion of a 13-week treatment period starting at weaning, or 8 weeks after completion of a 4-week treatment period starting at 4 days of age.
Effect on retinal structure: Chronic treatment of monkeys with risdiplam yielded evidence for an effect on the retina in terms of photoreceptor degeneration starting in the periphery of the retina. Upon cessation of treatment, the effects on the retinogram were partially reversible but the photoreceptor degeneration did not reverse. The effects were monitored by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and by electroretinography (ERG). Effects were seen with exposures in excess of 2-fold the exposure in humans at the therapeutic dose without safety margin based on systemic exposures at the NOAEL. No such findings were observed in albino or pigmented rats when dosed chronically with risdiplam at exposures exceeding those in the monkey.
Effect on epithelial tissues: Effects on skin, larynx and eyelid histology and the gastro intestinal tract were evident in rats and monkeys treated with risdiplam. Changes started to be seen at high doses with treatment of 2 weeks and longer. With chronic treatment for 39 weeks in monkeys, the NOAEL was at an exposure in excess of 2-fold the average exposure in humans at the therapeutic dose.
Effect on haematological parameters: In the acute bone marrow micronucleus test in rats, a reduction of more than 50% in the ratio of polychromatic (young) to normochromatic (adult) erythrocytes, indicative of substantial bone marrow toxicity, was observed at the high dose level with exposure in excess of 15-times the average exposure in humans at the therapeutic dose. With longer treatment of rats for 26 weeks, the exposure margins to the NOAEL were approximately 4-fold the average exposure in humans at the therapeutic dose.
Genotoxicity: Risdiplam is not mutagenic in a bacterial reverse mutation assay. In mammalian cells in vitro and in bone marrow of rats, risdiplam increases the frequency of micronucleated cells. Micronucleus induction in bone marrow was observed in several toxicity studies in rats (adult and juvenile animals). The NOAEL across the studies is associated with an exposure of approximately 1.5-fold the exposure in humans at the therapeutic dose. Data indicated that this effect is indirect and secondary to an interference of risdiplam with the cell cycle of dividing cells. Risdiplam does not possess a potential to damage DNA directly.
Reproductive toxicity: In studies in pregnant rats treated with risdiplam, embryofoetal toxicity with lower fetal weight and delayed development was evident. The NOAEL for this effect was approximately 2-fold above the exposure levels reached at the therapeutic dose of risdiplam in patients. In studies with pregnant rabbits, dysmorphogenic effects were observed at exposures also associated with maternal toxicity. These consisted of four fetuses (4%) from 4 litters (22%) with hydrocephaly. The NOAEL was approximately 4-fold the exposure levels reached at the therapeutic dose of risdiplam in patients.
In a pre- and post-natal development study in rats treated daily with risdiplam, risdiplam caused a slight delay in gestation length. Studies in pregnant and lactating rats showed that risdiplam crosses the placental barrier and is excreted into milk.
Carcinogenicity: A 2-year carcinogenicity study in rat is ongoing. A study using rasH2 transgenic mice with 6 months duration of treatment did not generate any evidence for a tumorigenic potential.
Juvenile animal studies: Juvenile animal data reveal no special hazard for humans.
Indications/Uses
Evrysdi is indicated for the treatment of SMA in patients 2 months of age and older, with a clinical diagnosis of type 1, Type 2 or Type 3 SMA or with one to four SMN2 copies.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Treatment with Evrysdi should be initiated by a physician with experience in the management of SMA.
Posology: The recommended once daily dose of Evrysdi is determined by age and body weight (see Table 3). Evrysdi is taken orally once a day after a meal at approximately the same time each day.

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Treatment with a daily dose above 5 mg has not been studied.
Delayed or missed doses: If a planned dose is missed, it should be administered as soon as possible if still within 6 hours of the scheduled dose. Otherwise, the missed dose should be skipped and the next dose should be administered at the regularly scheduled time the next day.
If a dose is not fully swallowed or vomiting occurs after taking a dose of Evrysdi, another dose should not be administered to make up for the incomplete dose. The next dose should be administered at the regularly scheduled time.
Elderly: No dose adjustment is required in elderly patients based on limited data in subjects aged 65 years and older (see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Renal impairment: Risdiplam has not been studied in this population. No dose adjustment is expected to be required in patients with renal impairment (see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Hepatic impairment: No dose adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Patients with severe hepatic impairment have not been studied and may have increased risdiplam exposure (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Paediatric population: The safety and efficacy of risdiplam in paediatric patients < 2 months of age have not yet been established (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions). No data are available.
Method of administration: Oral use.
Evrysdi must be constituted by a healthcare professional (HCP) prior to being dispensed.
It is recommended a HCP discuss with the patient or caregiver how to prepare the prescribed daily dose prior to administration of the first dose.
Evrysdi is taken orally once a day after a meal at approximately the same time each day, using the re-usable oral syringe provided. In infants who are breastfed, Evrysdi should be administered after breastfeeding. Evrysdi should not be mixed with milk or formula milk.
Evrysdi should be taken immediately after it is drawn up into the oral syringe. If it is not taken within 5 minutes, it should be discarded from the oral syringe and a new dose be prepared. If Evrysdi spills or gets on the skin, the area should be washed with soap and water.
The patient should drink water after taking Evrysdi to ensure the medicinal product has been completely swallowed. If the patient is unable to swallow and has a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube in situ, Evrysdi can be administered via the tube. The tube should be flushed with water after delivering Evrysdi. (See Table 4.)

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For the calculation of dosing volume, the syringe increments need to be considered. The dose volume should be rounded to the closest increment marked on the selected oral syringe.
Overdosage
There is no known antidote for overdosage of Evrysdi. In the event of an overdose, the patient should be closely supervised and supportive care instituted.
Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in Description.
Special Precautions
Potential embryo-foetal toxicity: Embryo-foetal toxicity has been observed in animal studies (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). Patients of reproductive potential should be informed of the risks and must use highly effective contraception during treatment and until at least 1 month after the last dose in female patients, and 4 months after the last dose in male patients. The pregnancy status of female patients of reproductive potential should be verified prior to initiating Evrysdi therapy (see Use in Pregnancy & Lactation).
Potential effects on male fertility: Based on observations from animal studies, male patients should not donate sperm while on treatment and for 4 months after the last dose of Evrysdi. Prior to initiating treatment, fertility preservation strategies should be discussed with male patients of reproductive potential (see Use in Pregnancy & Lactation and Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). The effects of Evrysdi on male fertility have not been investigated in humans.
Retinal toxicity: The effects of Evrysdi on retinal structure observed in the non-clinical safety studies have not been observed in clinical studies with SMA patients. However, long-term data are still limited. The clinical relevance of these nonclinical findings in the long-term has therefore not been established (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions).
Use with SMA gene therapy: Efficacy data of Evrysdi treatment when used in patients that previously received SMN1 gene therapy is not available.
Excipients: Isomalt: Evrysdi contains isomalt (2.97 mg per mL). Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance should not take this medicine.
Sodium: Evrysdi contains 0.375 mg of sodium benzoate per mL. Sodium benzoate may increase jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) in newborn babies (up to 4 weeks old).
Evrysdi contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per 5 mg dose, i.e. is essentially 'sodium-free'.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: Evrysdi has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Patients of reproductive potential: Contraception in male and female patients: Male and female patients of reproductive potential should adhere to the following contraception requirements: Female patients of childbearing potential should use highly effective contraception during treatment and for at least 1 month after the last dose.
Male patients, with female partners of childbearing potential, should both use highly effective contraception during treatment and for at least 4 months after his last dose.
Pregnancy testing: The pregnancy status of female patients of reproductive potential should be verified prior to initiating Evrysdi therapy. Pregnant women should be clearly advised of the potential risk to the foetus.
Pregnancy: There are no data from the use of Evrysdi in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions).
Evrysdi is not recommended during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using contraception (see Precautions).
Breast-feeding: It is not known whether risdiplam is excreted in human breast milk. Studies in rats show that risdiplam is excreted into milk (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). As the potential for harm to the breastfed infant is unknown, it is recommended not to breastfeed during treatment.
Fertility: Male patients: Male fertility may be compromised while on treatment, based on nonclinical findings. In rat and monkey reproductive organs, sperm degeneration and reduced sperm numbers were observed (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). Based on observations from animal studies, the effects on sperm cells are expected to be reversible upon discontinuation of risdiplam.
Male patients may consider sperm preservation prior to treatment initiation or after a treatment-free period of at least 4 months. Male patients who wish to father a child should stop treatment for a minimum of 4 months. Treatment may be re-started after conception.
Female patients: Based on nonclinical data (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions), an impact of risdiplam on female fertility is not expected.
Adverse Reactions
Summary of the safety profile: In infantile-onset SMA patients, the most common adverse reactions observed in Evrysdi clinical studies were pyrexia (48.4%), rash (27.4%) and diarrhoea (16.1%).
In later-onset SMA patients, the most common adverse reactions observed in Evrysdi clinical studies were pyrexia (21.7%), headache (20.0%), diarrhoea (16.7%), and rash (16.7%).
The adverse reactions listed previously occurred without an identifiable clinical or time pattern and generally resolved despite ongoing treatment in infantile-onset and later-onset SMA patients.
See also Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions for the effects of Evrysdi observed in nonclinical studies.
Tabulated list of adverse reactions: The corresponding frequency category for each adverse drug reaction is based on the following convention: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000), very rare (<1/10,000). Adverse drug reactions from clinical studies (Table 5) are listed by MedDRA system organ class. (See Table 5.)

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Reporting of suspected adverse reactions: Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions to Roche Thailand Local Safety Unit at thailand.drug_safety@roche.com.
Drug Interactions
Risdiplam is primarily metabolized by hepatic enzymes flavin monooxygenase 1 and 3 (FMO1 and 3), and also by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) 1A1, 2J2, 3A4, and 3A7. Risdiplam is not a substrate of human multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1).
Effects of other medicinal products on risdiplam: Co-administration of 200 mg itraconazole twice daily, a strong CYP3A inhibitor, with a single oral dose of 6 mg risdiplam did not exhibit a clinically relevant effect on the PK parameters of risdiplam (11% increase in AUC, 9% decrease in Cmax). No dose adjustments are required when Evrysdi is co-administered with a CYP3A inhibitor.
No drug-drug interactions are expected via the FMO1 and FMO3 pathway.
Effects of risdiplam on other medicinal products: Risdiplam is a weak inhibitor of CYP3A. In healthy adult subjects, oral administration of risdiplam once daily for 2 weeks slightly increased the exposure of midazolam, a sensitive CYP3A substrate (AUC 11%; Cmax 16%). The extent of the interaction is not considered clinically relevant, and therefore no dose adjustment is required for CYP3A substrates.
In vitro studies have shown that risdiplam and its major human metabolite M1 are not significant inhibitors of human MDR1, organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3, organic anion transporter 1 and 3 (OAT 1 and 3). However, risdiplam and its metabolite are in vitro inhibitors of the human organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) and the multidrug and toxin extrusion (MATE)1 and MATE2-K transporters. At therapeutic drug concentrations, no interaction is expected with OCT2 substrates. The effect of co-administration of risdiplam on the pharmacokinetics of MATE1 and MATE2-K substrates in humans is unknown. Based on in vitro data, risdiplam may increase plasma concentrations of medicinal products eliminated via MATE1 or MATE2-K, such as metformin. If co-administration cannot be avoided, drug-related toxicities should be monitored and dosage reduction of the co-administered medicinal product should be considered if needed.
There is no efficacy or safety data to support the concomitant use of risdiplam and nusinersen.
The potential for synergistic effects of concomitant administration of risdiplam with retinotoxic drugs has not been studied. Therefore, caution in using concomitant medications with known or suspected retinal toxicity is recommended.
Caution For Usage
Incompatibilities: Not applicable.
Special precautions for disposal and other handling: Evrysdi powder must be constituted to the oral solution by a HCP (eg. pharmacist) prior to being dispensed.
Preparation: Caution should be exercised in the handling of Evrysdi powder for oral solution (see Precautions). Avoid inhalation and direct contact with skin or mucous membranes with the dry powder and the constituted solution.
Wear disposable gloves during constitution and while wiping the outer surface of the bottle/cap and cleaning the working surface after constitution. If contact occurs, wash thoroughly with soap and water; rinse eyes with water.
Instructions for constitution: 1. Gently tap the bottom of the closed glass bottle to loosen the powder.
2. Remove the cap. Do not throw away the cap.
3. Carefully pour 79 mL of purified water or water for injection into the Evrysdi bottle to yield the 0.75 mg/mL oral solution.
4. Hold the medicine bottle on the table with one hand. Insert the press-in bottle adapter into the opening by pushing it down with the other hand. Ensure the adapter is completely pressed against the bottle lip.
5. Put the cap back on the bottle and close the bottle tightly. Ensure it is completely closed and then shake well for 15 seconds. Wait for 10 minutes. Patient should have obtained a clear solution. Afterwards, shake well again for another 15 seconds.
6. Write the "Discard after" date of the solution on the bottle label and carton. (The "Discard after" date is calculated as 64 days after constitution, the day of constitution is counted as day 0). Put the bottle back in its original carton with syringes (in pouches), Package Leaflet, and Instructions for Use booklet.
Discard any unused portion 64 days after constitution.
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Storage
Powder for oral solution: Store in the refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C.
Keep in the original amber glass bottle to protect from light.
Constituted oral solution: For storage conditions after constitution of the medicinal product, see Shelf-life as follows.
Keep the oral solution in the original amber glass bottle to protect from light and keep the bottle always in an upright position with the cap tightly closed.
Shelf-life: Powder for oral solution: 2 years.
Constituted oral solution: 64 days stored in a refrigerator (2 to 8°C).
Patient Counseling Information
INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONSTITUTION (0.75 MG/ML) (FOR HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS ONLY): Each EVRYSDI carton contains: 1. 1 Cap.
2. 1 EVRYSDI bottle.
3. 2 Oral syringes 12 mL (in pouches).
4. 2 Oral syringes 6 mL (in pouches).
5. 1 Press-in bottle adapter.
6. 1 Package Leaflet.
7. 1 Instructions for Constitution.
8. 1 Instructions for Use.
Important information about EVRYSDI: Avoid inhaling EVRYSDI powder.
Use gloves.
Do not use if the powder expiry date has passed. The powder expiration date is printed on the bottle label.
Do not dispense the constituted solution if the solution's Discard After date exceeds the original powder expiration date.
Avoid getting contact with the medicine on your skin. If the medicine gets on your skin, wash the area with soap and water.
Do not use the medicine if any of the supplies are damaged or missing.
Use Purified Water or Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI) to constitute the medicine.
Do not add oral syringes other than the ones provided in the carton.
How to store EVRYSDI: Store the powder (unconstituted medicine) in a refrigerator between 2°C to 8°C (35°F to 46°F) and keep it in the carton.
Store the solution (constituted medicine) in a refrigerator between 2°C to 8°C (35°F to 46°F).
Keep the oral solution in the original bottle and always keep the bottle in an upright position with the cap tightly closed.
Constitution: Step 1: Gently tap the bottom of the bottle to loosen the powder.
Step 2: Remove the cap by pushing it down and then twisting to the left (counter-clockwise).
Do not throw away the cap.
Step 3: Carefully pour 79 mL of Purified Water or Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI) into the medicine bottle.
Step 4: Hold the medicine bottle on a table with one hand.
Insert the press-in bottle adapter into the opening by pushing it down with the other hand. Ensure it is completely pressed against the bottle lip.
Step 5: Put the cap back on the bottle. Turn the cap to the right (clockwise) to close the bottle.
Ensure it is completely closed and then shake well for 15 seconds.
Wait for 10 minutes. You should have obtained a clear solution.
If not, shake well again for another 15 seconds.
Step 6: Calculate the Discard After date as 64 days after constitution (Note: the day of constitution is counted as day 0. For example, if constitution is on the 1st of April, the Discard After date will be the 4th of June).
Write the Discard After date of the solution on the bottle label and carton.
Put the bottle back in its original carton, with syringes (in pouches), Package Leaflet. Store the carton into the refrigerator.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE – ADMINISTRATION (0.75 MG/ML): Instructions for Use: Be sure to read and understand this Instructions for Use before you start using EVRYSDI for information on how to prepare and give EVRYSDI through an oral syringe, gastrostomy tube (G-tube), or nasogastric tube (NG-tube).
If you have any questions about how to use EVRYSDI, contact your healthcare provider.
EVRYSDI should come as a liquid in a bottle when you receive it. Do not use if the medicine in the bottle is a powder and contact your healthcare provider.
Important information about EVRYSDI: Ask your healthcare provider to show you the correct syringe you should use and how to measure your prescribed daily dose.
Always use the re-usable oral syringes provided in the pack to measure your prescribed daily dose. The oral syringe protects the medicine from light.
Two oral syringes of each size are provided in case one gets lost or damaged. Contact your healthcare provider if both oral syringes are lost or damaged. They will advise you on how to continue to take your medicine.
See "How to select the correct oral syringe to use for your prescribed dose volume of EVRYSDI" for the correct oral syringe you should use. Ask your healthcare professional if you have questions on how to select the right oral syringe.
If the bottle adapter is not in the bottle, do not use EVRYSDI and then contact your healthcare professional.
Do not use EVRYSDI after the Discard after date written on the bottle label. Ask your healthcare professional for the Discard after date if it is not written on the bottle label.
Do not mix EVRYSDI into food or liquids.
Do not use EVRYSDI if the bottle or oral syringes are damaged.
Avoid getting EVRYSDI on your skin. If EVRYSDI gets on your skin, wash the area with soap and water.
If you spill EVRYSDI, dry the area with a dry paper towel and clean with soap and water. Throw away the paper towel in the waste and wash your hands well with soap and water.
If there is not enough EVRYSDI left in the bottle for your prescribed dose, discard the bottle with remaining EVRYSDI and used oral syringes according to your local requirements; use a new bottle of EVRYSDI to obtain your prescribed dose volume. Do not mix EVRYSDI from the new bottle with the bottle you are currently using.
Each EVRYSDI carton contains: 1. 1 EVRYSDI bottle with bottle adapter and cap.
2. 2 Oral syringes 6 mL (in pouches).
3. 2 Oral syringes 12 mL (in pouches).
4. 1 Instructions for Use booklet.
5. 1 Package Leaflet.
How to store EVRYSDI: Please see section "How to store EVRYSDI" of the Patient Information Leaflet for full information.
A) Preparing and withdrawing your dose volume: How to select the correct oral syringe to use for your prescribed dose volume of EVRYSDI: If your prescribed dose volume of EVRYSDI is between 1 mL and 6 mL, use a 6 mL oral syringe (grey label).
If your prescribed daily dose volume of EVRYSDI is 6.2 mL or higher, use a 12 mL oral syringe (brown label).
How to prepare your dose volume of EVRYSDI: Step A1: Remove the cap by pushing it down and then twisting the cap to the left (counter-clockwise). Do not throw away the cap.
Step A2: Push the plunger of the oral syringe all the way down to remove any air in the oral syringe.
Step A3: Keeping the bottle in an upright position, insert the syringe tip into the bottle adapter.
Step A4: Carefully turn the bottle upside down with the syringe tip firmly inserted into the bottle adapter.
Step A5: Slowly pull back on the plunger to withdraw your prescribed dose volume of EVRYSDI. The top of the black plunger stopper must line up with the mL marking on the oral syringe for your prescribed daily dose volume.
After the correct dose is withdrawn, hold the plunger in place to keep the plunger from moving.
Step A6: Continue to hold the plunger in place to keep the plunger from moving. Leave the oral syringe in the bottle adapter and turn the bottle to an upright position. Place the bottle onto a flat surface. Remove the oral syringe from the bottle adapter by gently pulling straight up on the oral syringe.
Step A7: Hold the oral syringe with the syringe tip pointing up. Check the medicine in the oral syringe. If there are large air bubbles in the oral syringe or if you have drawn up the wrong dose volume of EVRYSDI, insert the syringe tip firmly into the bottle adapter. Push the plunger all the way down so that the medicine flows back into the bottle and repeat Steps A4 through A7.
Take or give EVRYSDI immediately after it is drawn up into the oral syringe.
If it is not taken within 5 minutes, discard from oral syringe and prepare a new dose.
Step A8: Put the cap back on the bottle. Turn the cap to the right (clockwise) to tightly close the bottle. Do not remove the bottle adapter from the bottle.
If you are taking your dose volume of EVRYSDI by mouth, follow the instructions in "B) How to take a dose volume of EVRYSDI by mouth".
If you are taking your dose volume of EVRYSDI through a gastrostomy tube, follow the instructions in "C) How to give a dose volume of EVRYSDI through a gastrostomy tube".
If you are taking your dose volume of EVRYSDI through a nasogastric tube, follow the instructions in "D) How to give a dose volume of EVRYSDI through a nasogastric tube".
B) How to take a dose volume of EVRYSDI by mouth: Sit upright when taking a dose volume of EVRYSDI by mouth.
Step B1: Place the oral syringe into the mouth with the tip along either cheek.
Slowly push the plunger all the way down to take the full dose of EVRYSDI.
Giving EVRYSDI into the throat or too fast may cause choking.
Step B2: Check that there is no medicine left in the oral syringe.
Step B3: Drink some water right after taking the prescribed dose of EVRYSDI.
Go to Step E for cleaning of the syringe.
C) How to give a dose volume of EVRYSDI through a gastrostomy tube: If you are giving EVRYSDI through a gastrostomy tube, ask your doctor to show you how to inspect the gastrostomy tube before giving EVRYSDI.
Step C1: Place the oral syringe tip into the gastrostomy tube. Slowly push the plunger all the way down to give the full dose of EVRYSDI.
Step C2: Check that there is no medicine left in the oral syringe.
Step C3: Flush the gastrostomy tube with 10-20 mL of water right after giving the prescribed dose of EVRYSDI.
Go to Step E for cleaning of the syringe.
D) How to give a dose volume of EVRYSDI through a nasogastric tube: If you are giving EVRYSDI through a nasogastric tube, ask your doctor to show you how to inspect the nasogastric tube before giving EVRYSDI.
Step D1: Place the oral syringe tip into the nasogastric tube. Slowly press the plunger all the way down to give the full dose of EVRYSDI.
Step D2: Check that there is no medicine left in the oral syringe.
Step D3: Flush the nasogastric tube with 10-20 mL of water right after giving the prescribed dose of EVRYSDI.
Go to Step E for cleaning of the syringe.
E) How to clean the oral syringe after use: Step E1: Remove the plunger from the oral syringe.
Rinse the oral syringe barrel well under clean water.
Step E2: Rinse the plunger well under clean water.
Step E3: Check that the oral syringe barrel and plunger are clean.
Place the oral syringe barrel and plunger on a clean surface in a safe place to dry.
Wash your hands.
Once dry, reassemble the plunger into the oral syringe barrel and store the syringe with your medicine.
ATC Classification
M09AX10 - risdiplam ; Belongs to the class of other drugs for disorders of the musculo-skeletal system.
Presentation/Packing
Powd for oral soln 0.75 mg/mL (light yellow, yellow, greyish yellow, greenish yellow, or light green powder) x 1's.
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