Famvir Drug Interactions





Full Prescribing Info
Drug Interactions
Effects of other medicinal products on famciclovir: Concurrent use of probenecid may result in increased plasma concentrations of penciclovir the active metabolite of famciclovir (see PHARMACOLOGY under Actions).
The conversion of the inactive metabolite 6-deoxy penciclovir (formed by deacetylation of famciclovir) to penciclovir is catalysed by aldehyde oxidase. Interactions with other drugs metabolized by this enzyme and/or inhibiting this enzyme could potentially occur. Clinical interaction studies of famciclovir with cimetidine and promethazine, in vitro inhibitors of aldehyde oxidase, did not show relevant effects on the formation of penciclovir. However, raloxifene, the most potent aldehyde oxidase inhibitor observed in vitro, could affect the formation of penciclovir and thus the efficacy of famciclovir. When raloxifene is co-administered with famciclovir the clinical efficacy of the antiviral therapy should be monitored.
No clinically significant alterations in penciclovir pharmacokinetics were observed following single-dose administration of 500 mg famciclovir after pre-treatment with multiple doses of allopurinol, cimetidine, theophylline, zidovudine, or promethazine or when given shortly after an antacid (magnesium and aluminium hydroxide), or concomitantly with emtricitabine. No clinically significant effect on penciclovir pharmacokinetics was observed following multiple-dose (three times daily) administration of famciclovir (500 mg) with multiple doses of digoxin.
Effects of famciclovir on other medicinal products: Although famciclovir is only a weak inhibitor of aldehyde oxidase in vitro, interactions with drugs metabolized by aldehyde oxidase could potentially occur. Evidence from preclinical studies has shown no potential for induction of cytochrome P450 enzymes and inhibition of CYP3A4.
The pharmacokinetics of digoxin were not altered by concomitant administration of single or multiple (three times daily) doses of famciclovir (500 mg). No clinically significant effects on the pharmacokinetics of zidovudine, its metabolite zidovudine glucuronide or emtricitabine were observed following a single oral dose of 500 mg famciclovir co-administered with zidovudine or emtricitabine.
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