Alendronate sodium, colecalciferol.
Each tablet of FOSAMAX PLUS contains 91.37 mg alendronate monosodium salt trihydrate which is the molar equivalent to 70.0 mg free acid, and 70 mcg or 140 mcg colecalciferol equivalent to 2800 IU or 5600 IU vitamin D, respectively.
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: FOSAMAX PLUS contains alendronate sodium and colecalciferol (vitamin D3).
Alendronate Sodium: Alendronate sodium is a bisphosphonate that acts as a potent, specific inhibitor of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates are synthetic analogs of pyrophosphate that bind to the hydroxyapatite found in bone.
Colecalciferol: Vitamin D3 is a secosterol that is converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the liver. Conversion to the active calcium-mobilizing hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) in the kidney is stimulated by both parathyroid hormone and hypophosphatemia. The principal action of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 is to increase intestinal absorption of both calcium and phosphate as well as regulate serum calcium, renal calcium and phosphate excretion, bone formation and bone resorption.
Vitamin D3 is required for normal bone formation. Vitamin D insufficiency develops when both sunlight exposure and dietary intake are inadequate. Insufficiency is associated with negative calcium balance, bone loss and increased risk of skeletal fracture. In severe cases, deficiency results in secondary hyperparathyroidism, hypophosphatemia, proximal muscle weakness and osteomalacia, further increasing the risk of falls and fractures in osteoporotic individuals.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Alendronate is a bisphosphonate that binds to bone hydroxyapatite and specifically inhibits the activity of osteoclasts, the bone-resorbing cells. Alendronate reduces bone resorption with no direct effect on bone formation, although the latter process is ultimately reduced because bone resorption and formation are coupled during bone turnover.
Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass that leads to an increased risk of fracture. It occurs in both males and females but is most common among women following the menopause, when bone turnover increases and the rate of bone resorption exceeds that of bone formation. These changes result in progressive bone loss and lead to osteoporosis in a significant proportion of women over age 50. Fractures, usually of the spine, hip and wrist, are the common consequences. From age 50 to age 90, the risk of hip fracture in women increases 50-fold and the risk of vertebral fracture 15- to 30-fold. It is estimated that approximately 40% of 50-year-old women will sustain one or more osteoporosis-related fractures of the spine, hip or wrist during their remaining lifetimes. Hip fractures, in particular, are associated with substantial morbidity, disability and mortality.
Daily oral doses of alendronate (5, 20 and 40 mg for six weeks) in postmenopausal women produced biochemical changes indicative of dose-dependent inhibition of bone resorption, including decreases in urinary calcium and urinary markers of bone collagen degradation (such as hydroxyproline, deoxypyridinoline and cross-linked N-telopeptides of type I collagen). These biochemical changes returned toward baseline values as early as three weeks following the discontinuation of therapy with alendronate and did not differ from placebo after 7 months despite the long retention of alendronate in the skeleton.
Long-term treatment of osteoporosis with FOSAMAX 10 mg/day (for up to five years) reduced urinary excretion of markers of bone resorption, deoxypyridinoline and cross-linked N-telopeptides of type I collagen, by approximately 50% and 70%, respectively, to reach levels similar to those seen in healthy premenopausal women. The decrease in the rate of bone resorption indicated by these markers was evident as early as 1 month and at three to six months reached a plateau that was maintained for the entire duration of treatment with FOSAMAX. In osteoporosis treatment studies, Fosamax 10 mg/day decreased the markers of bone formation, osteocalcin and bone specific alkaline phosphatase by approximately 50%, and total serum alkaline phosphatase by approximately 25 to 30%, to reach a plateau after 6 to 12 months. Similar reductions in the rate of bone turnover were observed in postmenopausal women during a one-year study with Fosamax once weekly 70 mg for the treatment of osteoporosis. These data indicate that the rate of bone turnover reached a new steady-state, despite the progressive increase in the total amount of alendronate deposited within bone.
As a result of inhibition of bone resorption, asymptomatic reductions in serum calcium and phosphate concentrations were also observed following treatment with Fosamax. In the long-term studies, reductions from baseline in serum calcium (approximately 2%) and phosphate (approximately 4 to 6%) were evident the first month after the initiation of Fosamax 10 mg. No further decreases in serum calcium were observed for the five-year duration of treatment, however, serum phosphate returned toward prestudy levels during 3 through 5 years. In one-year studies with Fosamax once weekly 70 mg, similar reductions were observed at 6 and 12 months. The reduction in serum phosphate may reflect not only the positive bone mineral balance due to Fosamax but also a decrease in renal phosphate reabsorption.
Osteoporosis in men: Even though osteoporosis is less prevalent in men than in postmenopausal women, a significant proportion of osteoporotic fractures occur in men. The prevalence of vertebral deformities appears to be similar in men and women. Treatment of men with osteoporosis with Fosamax 10 mg/day for two years reduced urinary excretion of cross-linked N-telopeptides of type I collagen by approximately 60% and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase by approximately 40%. Similar reductions were observed in a one-year study in men with osteoporosis receiving Fosamax once weekly 70 mg.
Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Alendronate Sodium: Relative to an intravenous (IV) reference dose, the mean oral bioavailability of alendronate in women was 0.64% for doses ranging from 5 to 70 mg when administered after an overnight fast and two hours before a standardized breakfast. Oral bioavailability in men (0.6%) was similar to that in women.
The alendronate in FOSAMAX PLUS (70 mg/5600 IU) tablets and the Fosamax 70 mg tablet is bioequivalent.
Bioavailability was decreased similarly (by approximately 40%) whether alendronate was administered one or one-half hour before a standardized breakfast. In osteoporosis studies, Fosamax was effective when administered at least 30 min before the 1st food or beverage of the day.
Bioavailability was negligible whether alendronate was administered with or up to two hours after a standardized breakfast. Concomitant administration of alendronate with coffee or orange juice reduced bioavailability by approximately 60%.
In healthy subjects, oral prednisone (20 mg three times daily for five days) did not produce a clinically meaningful change in the oral bioavailability of alendronate (a mean increase ranging from 20 to 44%).
Colecalciferol: Following administration of FOSAMAX PLUS (70 mg/5600 IU) after an overnight fast and two hours before a meal, the mean area under the serum-concentration-time curve (AUC0-80 hrs) for vitamin D3 (unadjusted for endogenous vitamin D3 levels) was 490.2 ng·hr/mL. The mean maximal serum concentration (Cmax) of vitamin D3 was 12.2 ng/mL and the median time to maximal serum concentration (Tmax) was 10.6 hrs. The bioavailability of the vitamin D3 in FOSAMAX PLUS (70 mg/5600 IU) is similar to an equal dose of vitamin D3 administered alone.
Distribution: Alendronate Sodium: Studies in rats show that alendronate transiently distributes to soft tissues following 1 mg/kg IV administration but is then rapidly redistributed to bone or excreted in the urine. The mean steady state volume of distribution, exclusive of bone, is at least 28 L in humans. Concentrations of drug in plasma following therapeutic oral doses are too low for analytical detection (less than5 ng/mL). Protein-binding in human plasma is approximately 78%.
Colecalciferol: Following absorption, vitamin D3 enters the blood as part of chylomicrons. Vitamin D3 is rapidly distributed mostly to the liver where it undergoes metabolism to 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, the major storage form. Lesser amounts are distributed to adipose and muscle tissue and stored as vitamin D3 at these sites for later release into the circulation. Circulating vitamin D3 is bound to vitamin D-binding protein.
Metabolism: Alendronate Sodium: There is no evidence that alendronate is metabolized in animals or humans.
Colecalciferol: Vitamin D3 is rapidly metabolized by hydroxylation in the liver to 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, and subsequently metabolized in the kidney to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, which represents the biologically active form. Further hydroxylation occurs prior to elimination. A small percentage of vitamin D3 undergoes glucuronidation prior to elimination.
Elimination: Alendronate Sodium: Following a single IV dose of [14C]alendronate, approximately 50% of the radioactivity was excreted in the urine within 72 hours and little or no radioactivity was recovered in the feces. Following a single 10 mg IV dose, the renal clearance of alendronate was 71 mL/min and systemic clearance did not exceed 200 mL/min. Plasma concentrations fell by more than 95% within 6 hours following IV administration. The terminal half-life in humans is estimated to exceed 10 years, reflecting release of alendronate from the skeleton.
Colecalciferol: When radioactive vitamin D3 was administered to healthy subjects, the mean urinary excretion of radioactivity after 48 hours was 2.4%, and the mean fecal excretion of radioactivity after 4 days was 4.9%. In both cases, the excreted radioactivity was almost exclusively as metabolites of the parent.
Characteristics in Patients: Preclinical studies show that the alendronate that is not deposited in bone is rapidly excreted in the urine. No evidence of saturation of bone uptake was found after chronic dosing with cumulative IV doses up to 35 mg/kg in animals. Although no clinical information is available, it is likely that, as in animals, elimination of alendronate via the kidney will be reduced in patients with impaired renal function. Therefore, somewhat greater accumulation of alendronate in bone might be expected in patients with impaired renal function (see Dosage & Administration).
FOSAMAX PLUS is indicated for: Treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women to prevent fractures, including those of the hip and spine (vertebral compression fractures) and to help ensure vitamin D adequacy.
Treatment of osteoporosis in men to prevent fractures and to help ensure vitamin D adequacy.
FOSAMAX PLUS must be taken at least one-half hour before the first food, beverage, or medication of the day with plain water only. Other beverages (including mineral water), food, and some medications are likely to reduce the absorption of alendronate (see Interactions).
To facilitate delivery to the stomach and thus reduce the potential for esophageal irritation, FOSAMAX PLUS should only be swallowed upon arising for the day with a full glass of water and patients should not lie down for at least 30 minutes and until after their first food of the day. FOSAMAX PLUS should not be taken at bedtime or before arising for the day. Failure to follow these instructions may increase the risk of esophageal adverse experiences (see Precautions).
The recommended dosage is one 70 mg/5600 IU tablet once weekly. The optimal duration of use has not been determined. All patients on bisphosphonate therapy should have the need for continued therapy reevaluated on a periodic basis.
Patients should receive supplemental calcium and/or vitamin D, if intake is inadequate (see Precautions). Physicians should consider the vitamin D intake from vitamins and dietary supplements. FOSAMAX PLUS 70 mg/5600 IU are intended to provide seven days' worth of 400 and 800 IU daily vitamin D in a single, once-weekly dose, respectively.
No dosage adjustment is necessary for the elderly or for patients with mild-to-moderate renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance 35 to 60 mL/min). FOSAMAX PLUS is not recommended for patients with more severe renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance <35 mL/min) due to lack of experience.
Alendronate Sodium: No specific information is available on the treatment of overdosage with alendronate. Hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia and upper gastrointestinal adverse events eg, stomach upset, heartburn, esophagitis, gastritis or ulcer, may result from oral overdosage. Milk or antacids should be given to bind alendronate. Due to the risk of esophageal irritation, vomiting should not be induced and the patient should remain fully upright.
Colecalciferol: Vitamin D toxicity has not been documented during chronic therapy in generally healthy adults at a dose less than 10,000 IU/day. In a clinical study of healthy adults, a 4000 IU daily dose of vitamin D3 for up to five months was not associated with hypercalciuria or hypercalcemia.
Abnormalities of the esophagus which delay esophageal emptying such as stricture or achalasia;
Inability to stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes;
Hypersensitivity to any component of this product;
Hypocalcemia (see Precautions).
This drug contains vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin which has to follow with the Thai warning statement according to Public Health Ministry's notification.
This drug may accumulate in the body and may cause adverse effects. Therefore, it should not be used at levels higher than the recommended dose or continuously unless prescribed by the physician.
Alendronate Sodium: FOSAMAX PLUS, like other bisphosphonate-containing products, may cause local irritation of the upper gastrointestinal mucosa.
Esophageal adverse experiences, such as esophagitis, esophageal ulcers and erosions, rarely followed by esophageal stricture or perforation, have been reported in patients receiving treatment with alendronate. In some cases, these have been severe and required hospitalization. Physicians should therefore be alert to any signs or symptoms signaling a possible esophageal reaction and patients should be instructed to discontinue FOSAMAX PLUS and seek medical attention if they develop dysphagia, odynophagia, retrosternal pain or new or worsening heartburn.
The risk of severe esophageal adverse experiences appears to be greater in patients who lie down after taking FOSAMAX PLUS and/or who fail to swallow it with a full glass of water and/or who continue to take FOSAMAX PLUS after developing symptoms suggestive of esophageal irritation. Therefore, it is very important that the full dosing instructions are provided to and understood by the patient (see Dosage & Administration).
While no increased risk was observed in extensive clinical trials with alendronate, there have been rare (post-marketing) reports of gastric and duodenal ulcers, some severe and with complications.
Because of possible irritant effects of alendronate on the upper gastrointestinal mucosa and a potential for worsening of the underlying disease, caution should be used when FOSAMAX PLUS is given to patients with active upper gastrointestinal problems, such as dysphagia, esophageal diseases (including known Barrett's esophagus), gastritis, duodenitis or ulcers.
To facilitate delivery to the stomach and thus reduce the potential for esophageal irritation, patients should be instructed to swallow each tablet of FOSAMAX PLUS with a full glass of water and not to lie down for at least 30 minutes and until after the first food of the day. Patients should not chew or suck on the tablet because of a potential for oropharyngeal ulceration. Patients should be specifically instructed not to take FOSAMAX PLUS at bedtime or before arising for the day. Patients should be informed that failure to follow these instructions may increase their risk of esophageal problems. Patients should be instructed that if they develop symptoms of esophageal disease (such as difficulty or pain upon swallowing, retrosternal pain or new or worsening heartburn), they should stop taking FOSAMAX PLUS and should consult their physician.
Localized osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection (including osteomyelitis) with delayed healing, has been reported rarely with oral bisphosphonates (see Post-Marketing Experience under Side Effects). Most reported cases of bisphosphonate-associated ONJ have been in cancer patients treated with intravenous bisphosphonates. Known risk factors for ONJ include a diagnosis of cancer, concomitant therapies (e.g., chemotherapy, radiotherapy, corticosteroids), poor oral hygiene, co-morbid disorders (e.g., periodontal and/or other preexisting dental disease, anemia, coagulopathy, infection) and smoking. Patients who develop ONJ should receive appropriate care by an oral surgeon and discontinuation of bisphosphonate therapy should be considered based on individual benefit/risk assessment. Dental surgery may exacerbate the condition.
For patients requiring invasive dental surgery (e.g., tooth extraction, dental implants), clinical judgment of the treating physician and/or oral surgeon should guide the management plan, including bisphosphonate treatment, of each patient based on individual benefit/risk assessment.
Bone, joint and/or muscle pain has been reported in patients taking bisphosphonates. In post-marketing experience, these symptoms have rarely been severe and/or incapacitating (see Post-Marketing Experience under Side Effects). The time to onset of symptoms varied from 1 day to several months after starting treatment. Most patients had relief of symptoms after stopping treatment. A subset had recurrence of symptoms when rechallenged with the same drug or another bisphosphonate.
Low-energy fractures of the subtrochanteric and proximal femoral shaft have been reported in a small number of long-term (usually longer than 3 years) bisphosphonate-treated patients. Some were stress fractures (some of which were reported as insufficiency fractures) occurring in the absence of apparent trauma. Some patients experienced prodromal pain in the affected area, often associated with imaging features of stress fracture, weeks to months before a complete fracture occurred. Approximately one third of these fractures were bilateral; therefore, the contralateral femur should be examined in patients who have sustained a femoral shaft stress fracture. Stress fractures with similar clinical features also have occurred in patients not treated with bisphosphonates. Patients with suspected stress fractures should be evaluated, including evaluation for known causes and risk factors (e.g., vitamin D deficiency, malabsorption, glucocorticoid use, previous stress fracture, lower extremity arthritis or fracture, extreme or increased exercise, diabetes mellitus, chronic alcohol abuse) and receive appropriate orthopedic care. Interruption of bisphosphonate therapy in patients with stress fractures should be considered, pending evaluation of the patient, based on individual benefit/risk assessment.
Patients should be instructed that if they miss a dose of FOSAMAX PLUS, they should take one tablet on the morning after they remember. They should not take two tablets on the same day, but should return to taking one tablet once a week, as originally scheduled on their chosen day.
FOSAMAX PLUS is not recommended for patients with creatinine clearance <35 mL/min (see Dosage & Administration).
Causes of osteoporosis other than estrogen deficiency, aging and glucocorticoid use should be considered.
Hypocalcemia must be corrected before initiating therapy with FOSAMAX PLUS (see Contraindications). Other disorders affecting mineral metabolism (such as vitamin D deficiency) should also be effectively treated. In patients with these conditions, serum calcium and symptoms of hypocalcemia should be monitored during therapy with FOSAMAX PLUS.
Due to the positive effects of alendronate in increasing bone mineral, small, asymptomatic decreases in serum calcium and phosphate may occur.
Colecalciferol: Vitamin D3 may increase the magnitude of hypercalcemia and/or hypercalciuria when administered to patients with diseases associated with unregulated overproduction of calcitriol (e.g., leukemia, lymphoma, sarcoidosis). Urine and serum calcium should be monitored in these patients.
Patients with malabsorption may not adequately absorb vitamin D3.
Use in Children: FOSAMAX PLUS has not been studied in children and should not be given to them.
Use in the Elderly: In clinical studies, there was no age-related difference in the efficacy or safety profiles of FOSAMAX PLUS.
Use in Pregnancy: FOSAMAX PLUS has not been studied in pregnant women and should not be given to them.
Use in Lactation: FOSAMAX PLUS has not been studied in breast-feeding women and should not be given to them.
Clinical Studies: FOSAMAX: In clinical studies, Fosamax was generally well tolerated. In studies of up to five years in duration, side effects, which usually were mild, generally did not require discontinuation of therapy.
Treatment of Osteoporosis: Postmenopausal Women: In two three-year, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter studies (United States and Multinational) of virtually identical design, the overall safety profiles of FOSAMAX 10 mg/day and placebo were similar. The following upper gastrointestinal adverse experiences were reported by the investigators as possibly, probably or definitely drug related in ≥1% of patients treated with FOSAMAX 10 mg/day and at a greater incidence than in patients treated with placebo: abdominal pain (FOSAMAX 6.6% vs. placebo 4.8%), dyspepsia (3.6%, 3.5%), esophageal ulcer (1.5%, 0.0%), dysphagia (1%, 0%) and abdominal distention (1.0%, 0.8%).
Rarely, rash and erythema have occurred.
Additionally, the following adverse experiences were reported by the investigators as possibly, probably or definitely drug related in ≥1% of patients treated with FOSAMAX 10 mg/day and at a greater incidence than in patients treated with placebo: musculoskeletal (bone, muscle or joint) pain (FOSAMAX 4.1% vs. placebo 2.5%), constipation (3.1%, 1.8%), diarrhea (3.1%, 1.8%), flatulence (2.6%, 0.5%) and headache (2.6%, 1.5%).
In the two-year extension (treatment years 4 and 5) of the previously mentioned studies, the overall safety profile of FOSAMAX 10 mg/day was similar to that observed during the three-year placebo-controlled period. Additionally, the proportion of patients who discontinued FOSAMAX 10 mg/day due to any clinical adverse experience was similar to that during the first three years of the study.
In a one-year, double-blind, multicenter study, the overall safety and tolerability profiles of FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg (n=519) and Fosamax 10 mg daily (n=370) were similar. The following adverse experiences were reported by the investigators as possibly, probably or definitely drug related in ≥1% of patients in either treatment group: abdominal pain (FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg, 3.7%; FOSAMAX 10 mg daily, 3.0%), musculoskeletal (bone, muscle or joint) pain (2.9%, 3.2%), dyspepsia (2.7%, 2.2%), acid regurgitation (1.9%, 2.4%), nausea (1.9%, 2.4%), abdominal distention (1.0%, 1.4%), constipation (0.8%, 1.6%), flatulence (0.4%, 1.6%), muscle cramp (0.2%, 1.1%), gastritis (0.2%, 1.1%) and gastric ulcer (0.0%, 1.1%).
Men: In two, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter studies in men [a two-year study of FOSAMAX 10 mg/day (n=146) and a one-year study of FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg (n=109)], the safety profile of Fosamax was generally similar to that seen in postmenopausal women.
Other Studies in Men and Women: In a ten-week endoscopy study in men and women (n=277; mean age: 55), no difference was seen in upper gastrointestinal tract lesions between FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg and placebo.
In an additional one-year study in men and women (n=335; mean age: 50), the overall safety and tolerability profiles of FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg were similar to that of placebo and no difference was seen between men and women.
In two one-year studies in men and women (n=477) receiving glucocorticoids, melena was reported in two patients treated with FOSAMAX 10 mg/day.
Concomitant Use With Estrogen/Hormone Replacement Therapy: In two studies (of one and two years' duration) of postmenopausal osteoporotic women (total: n=853), the safety and tolerability profile of combined treatment with FOSAMAX 10 mg once daily and estrogen±progestin (n=354) was consistent with those of the individual treatments.
FOSAMAX PLUS: In a 15-week, double-blind, multinational study in osteoporotic postmenopausal women (n=682) and men (n=35), the safety profile of once weekly FOSAMAX PLUS (alendronate 70 mg/vitamin D3 2800 IU) was similar to that of FOSAMAX once weekly 70 mg. In the 24-week double-blind extension study in women (n=619) and men (n=33), the safety profile of FOSAMAX PLUS (70 mg/2800 IU) administered with an additional 2800 IU vitamin D3 for a total of 5600 IU was similar to that of FOSAMAX PLUS (70 mg/2800 IU).
Post-Marketing Experience: The following adverse reactions have been reported in post-marketing use with alendronate: Body as a Whole: hypersensitivity reactions including urticaria and rarely angioedema. As with other bisphosphonates, transient symptoms as in an acute-phase response (myalgia, malaise, asthenia and rarely, fever) have been reported with alendronate, typically in association with initiation of treatment. Rarely, symptomatic hypocalcemia has occurred, generally in association with predisposing conditions. Rarely, peripheral edema.
Gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, esophagitis, esophageal erosions, esophageal ulcers, rarely, esophageal stricture or perforation and oropharyngeal ulceration; rarely, gastric or duodenal ulcers, some severe and with complications (see Precautions and Dosage & Administration). Localized osteonecrosis of the jaw, generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection (including osteomyelitis) with delayed healing has been reported rarely (see Precautions).
Musculoskeletal: bone, joint and/or muscle pain, rarely severe and/or incapacitating (see Precautions); joint swelling; low-energy femoral shaft fracture (see Precautions).
Nervous System: dizziness, vertigo, dysgeusia.
Skin: rash (occasionally with photosensitivity), pruritus, alopecia, rarely, severe skin reactions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Special Senses: rarely uveitis, scleritis or episcleritis. Cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal (focal osteonecrosis) has been reported rarely.
Laboratory Test Findings: In double-blind, multicenter, controlled studies, asymptomatic, mild and transient decreases in serum calcium and phosphate were observed in approximately 18% and 10%, respectively, of patients taking FOSAMAX versus approximately 12% and 3% of those taking placebo. However, the incidences of decreases in serum calcium to <8.0 mg/dL (2.0 mM) and serum phosphate to ≤2.0 mg P/dL (0.65 mM) were similar in both treatment groups.
Alendronate Sodium: If taken at the same time, it is likely that calcium supplements, antacids, and other oral medications will interfere with absorption of alendronate. Therefore, patients must wait at least one-half hour after taking FOSAMAX PLUS before taking any other oral medication.
No other drug interactions of clinical significance are anticipated.
Concomitant use of HRT (estrogen±progestin) and FOSAMAX (alendronate sodium) was assessed in two clinical studies of one or two years' duration in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Combined use of FOSAMAX and HRT resulted in greater increases in bone mass, together with greater decreases in bone turnover, than seen with either treatment alone. In these studies, the safety and tolerability profile of the combination was consistent with those of the individual treatments (see Clinical Studies and Concomitant Use With Estrogen/Hormone Replacement Therapy under Side Effects).
Specific interaction studies were not performed. FOSAMAX was used in osteoporosis studies in men and postmenopausal women with a wide range of commonly prescribed drugs without evidence of clinical adverse interactions.
Since NSAID use is associated with gastrointestinal irritation, caution should be used during concomitant use with alendronate.
Colecalciferol: Olestra, mineral oils, orlistat and bile acid sequestrants (e.g., cholestyramine, colestipol) may impair the absorption of vitamin D. Anticonvulsants, cimetidine and thiazides may increase the catabolism of vitamin D.
M05BB03 - alendronic acid and colecalciferol ; Belongs to the class bisphosphonates, combinations. Used in the treatment of bone diseases.
Tab 70 mg/5600 IU (white to off-white, modified rectangular shaped with "270" on one side and bone shape on the other side) x 4's.