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Ibrance

Ibrance

palbociclib

Manufacturer:

Pfizer

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma

Marketer:

Pfizer
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Palbociclib.
Description
IBRANCE 75 mg hard capsules: Each hard capsule contains 75 mg of palbociclib.
Excipients with known effect: Each hard capsule contains 56 mg of lactose (as monohydrate).
IBRANCE 100 mg hard capsules: Each hard capsule contains 100 mg of palbociclib.
Excipients with known effect: Each hard capsule contains 74 mg of lactose (as monohydrate).
IBRANCE 125 mg hard capsules: Each hard capsule contains 125 mg of palbociclib.
Excipients with known effect: Each hard capsule contains 93 mg of lactose (as monohydrate).
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Capsule content: Microcrystalline cellulose, Lactose monohydrate, Sodium starch glycolate type A, Colloidal anhydrous silica, Magnesium stearate.
Capsule shell: Gelatin, Red iron oxide (E172), Yellow iron oxide (E172), Titanium dioxide (E171).
Printing ink: Shellac, Titanium dioxide (E171), Ammonium hydroxide (28% solution), Propylene glycol, Simeticone.
Action
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antineoplastic agents, protein kinase inhibitors. ATC code: L01XE33.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Mechanism of action: Palbociclib is a highly selective, reversible inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) 4 and 6. Cyclin D1 and CDK4/6 are downstream of multiple signalling pathways which lead to cellular proliferation.
Pharmacodynamic effects: Through inhibition of CDK4/6, palbociclib reduced cellular proliferation by blocking progression of the cell from G1 into S phase of the cell cycle. Testing of palbociclib in a panel of molecularly profiled breast cancer cell lines revealed high activity against luminal breast cancers, particularly ER-positive breast cancers. In the cell lines tested, the loss of retinoblastoma (Rb) was associated with loss of palbociclib activity. However, in a follow-up study with fresh tumour samples, no relation between RB1 expression and tumour response was observed. Similarly, no relation was observed when studying the response to palbociclib in in vivo models with patient-derived xenografts (PDX models). Available clinical data are reported in the clinical efficacy and safety section (see as follows).
Cardiac electrophysiology: The effect of palbociclib on the QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) interval was evaluated using time matched electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluating the change from baseline and corresponding pharmacokinetic data in 77 patients with advanced breast cancer. Palbociclib did not prolong the QTc to any clinically relevant extent at the recommended dose of 125 mg daily (Schedule 3/1).
Clinical efficacy and safety: Randomised Phase 3 Study PALOMA-2: IBRANCE in combination with letrozole: The efficacy of palbociclib in combination with letrozole versus letrozole plus placebo was evaluated in an international, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre study conducted in women with ER-positive, HER2-negative locally advanced breast cancer not amenable to resection or radiation therapy with curative intent or metastatic breast cancer who had not received prior systemic treatment for their advanced disease.
A total of 666 postmenopausal women were randomised 2:1 to the palbociclib plus letrozole arm or placebo plus letrozole arm and were stratified by site of disease (visceral versus nonvisceral), disease-free interval from the end of (neo)adjuvant treatment to disease recurrence (de novo metastatic versus ≤12 months versus >12 months), and by the type of prior (neo)adjuvant anticancer therapies (prior hormonal therapy versus no prior hormonal therapy). Patients with advanced symptomatic, visceral spread, that were at risk of life-threatening complications in the short term (including patients with massive uncontrolled effusions [pleural, pericardial, peritoneal], pulmonary lymphangitis, and over 50% liver involvement), were not eligible for enrolment into the study.
Patients continued to receive assigned treatment until objective disease progression, symptomatic deterioration, unacceptable toxicity, death, or withdrawal of consent, whichever occurred first. Crossover between treatment arms was not allowed.
Patients were well matched for baseline demographics and prognostic characteristics between the palbociclib plus letrozole arm and the placebo plus letrozole arm. The median age of patients enrolled in this study was 62 years (range 28-89), 48.3% of patients had received chemotherapy and 56.3% had received antihormonal therapy in the (neo)adjuvant setting prior to their diagnosis of advanced breast cancer while 37.2% of patients had received no prior systemic therapy in the (neo)adjuvant setting. The majority of patients (97.4%) had metastatic disease at baseline, 23.6% of patients had bone-only disease, and 49.2% of patients had visceral disease.
The primary endpoint of the study was progression-free survival (PFS) evaluated according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) v1.1, as assessed by investigator. Secondary efficacy endpoints included objective response (OR), clinical benefit response (CBR), safety, and change in quality of life (QoL).
At the data cutoff date of 26-February-2016, the study met its primary objective of improving PFS. The observed hazard ratio (HR) was 0.576 (95% confidence interval [CI]:0.46, 0.72) in favour of palbociclib plus letrozole, with a stratified log-rank test 1-sided p-value of  <0.000001. An updated analysis of the primary and secondary endpoints was performed after an additional 15 months of follow up (data cutoff date: 31-May-2017). A total of 405 PFS events were observed; 245 events (55.2%) in the palbociclib plus letrozole arm and 160 (72.1%) in the comparator arm respectively.
Table 1 shows the efficacy results based on the primary and the updated analyses from the PALOMA-2 study, as assessed by the investigator and by the independent review. (See Table 1.)

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The Kaplan-Meier curves for PFS based on the updated cutoff date of 31 May 2017 are displayed in Figure 1 as follows. (See Figure 1.)

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A series of prespecified subgroup PFS analyses was performed based on prognostic factors and baseline characteristics to investigate the internal consistency of treatment effect. A reduction in the risk of disease progression or death in favour of the palbociclib plus letrozole arm was observed in all individual patient subgroups defined by stratification factors and baseline characteristics in the primary and in the updated analysis.
Based on the 31-May-2017 data cutoff date, this reduction in risk continued to be observed in the following subgroups: (1) patients with either visceral metastases (HR of 0.62 [95% CI: 0.47, 0.81], median progression-free survival [mPFS] 19.3 months versus 12.3 months) or without visceral metastases (HR of 0.50 [95% CI: 0.37, 0.67], mPFS 35.9 months versus 17.0 months) and (2) patients with either bone only disease (HR of 0.41 [95% CI: 0.26, 0.63], mPFS 36.2 months versus 11.2 months) or without bone-only disease (HR of 0.62 [95% CI: 0.50, 0.78], mPFS 24.2 months versus 14.5 months). Similarly, a reduction in the risk of disease progression or death in the palbociclib plus letrozole arm was observed in 512 patients whose tumour tested positive for Rb protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (HR of 0.543 [95% CI: 0.433, 0.681], mPFS 27.4 months versus 13.7 months). For the 51 patients IHC negative for Rb expression, the difference between treatment arms was not statistically significant (HR of 0.868 [95% CI: 0.424, 1.777], mPFS 23.2 versus 18.5 months) for the palbociclib plus letrozole arm versus the placebo plus letrozole arm, respectively.
Additional efficacy measures (OR and time to response [TTR]) assessed in the sub-groups of patients with or without visceral disease based on the 31-May-2017 updated cutoff date are displayed in Table 2. (See Table 2.)

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At the time of the updated analyses, the median time from randomisation to second subsequent therapy was 38.8 months in the palbociclib + letrozole arm and 28.8 months in the placebo + letrozole arm, HR 0.73 (95% CI: 0.58, 0.91).
Randomised Phase 3 Study PALOMA-3: IBRANCE in combination with fulvestrant: The efficacy of palbociclib in combination with fulvestrant versus fulvestrant plus placebo was evaluated in an international, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, multicentre study conducted in women with HR-positive, HER2-negative locally advanced breast cancer not amenable to resection or radiation therapy with curative intent or metastatic breast cancer, regardless of their menopausal status, whose disease progressed after prior endocrine therapy in the (neo)adjuvant or metastatic setting.
A total of 521 pre/peri- and postmenopausal women who had progressed on or within 12 months from completion of adjuvant endocrine therapy or on or within 1 month from prior endocrine therapy for advanced disease, were randomised 2:1 to palbociclib plus fulvestrant or placebo plus fulvestrant and stratified by documented sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy, menopausal status at study entry (pre/peri- versus postmenopausal), and presence of visceral metastases. Pre/perimenopausal women received the LHRH agonist goserelin. Patients with advanced/metastatic, symptomatic, visceral spread, that were at risk of life-threatening complications in the short term (including patients with massive uncontrolled effusions [pleural, pericardial, peritoneal], pulmonary lymphangitis, and over 50% liver involvement), were not eligible for enrolment into the study.
Patients continued to receive assigned treatment until objective disease progression, symptomatic deterioration, unacceptable toxicity, death, or withdrawal of consent, whichever occurred first. Crossover between treatment arms was not allowed.
Patients were well matched for baseline demographics and prognostic characteristics between the palbociclib plus fulvestrant arm and the placebo plus fulvestrant arm. The median age of patients enrolled in this study was 57 years (range 29, 88). In each treatment arm the majority of patients were White, had documented sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy, and were postmenopausal. Approximately 20% of patients were pre/perimenopausal. All patients had received prior systemic therapy and most patients in each treatment arm had received a previous chemotherapy regimen for their primary diagnosis. More than half (62%) had an ECOG PS of 0, 60% had visceral metastases, and 60% had received more than 1 prior hormonal regimen for their primary diagnosis.
The primary endpoint of the study was investigator-assessed PFS evaluated according to RECIST 1.1. Supportive PFS analyses were based on an Independent Central Radiology Review. Secondary endpoints included OR, CBR, overall survival (OS), safety, and time-to deterioration (TTD) in pain endpoint.
The study met its primary endpoint of prolonging investigator-assessed PFS at the interim analysis conducted on 82% of the planned PFS events; the results crossed the prespecified Haybittle-Peto efficacy boundary (α=0.00135), demonstrating a statistically significant prolongation in PFS and a clinically meaningful treatment effect.
A more mature update of efficacy data is reported in Table 3.
After a median follow-up time of 45 months, the final OS analysis was performed based on 310 events (60% of randomised patients). A 6.9-month difference in median OS in the palbociclib plus fulvestrant arm compared with the placebo plus fulvestrant arm was observed; this result was not statistically significant at the prespecified significance level of 0.0235 (1-sided). In the placebo plus fulvestrant arm, 15.5% of randomised patients received palbociclib and other CDK inhibitors as post progression subsequent treatments.
The results from the investigator-assessed PFS and final OS data from PALOMA-3 study are presented in Table 3. The relevant Kaplan-Meier plots are shown in Figures 2 and 3, respectively. (See Table 3 and Figure 2.)

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A reduction in the risk of disease progression or death in the palbociclib plus fulvestrant arm was observed in all individual patient subgroups defined by stratification factors and baseline characteristics. This was evident for pre/perimenopausal women (HR of 0.46 [95% CI: 0.28, 0.75]) and postmenopausal women (HR of 0.52 [95% CI: 0.40, 0.66]) and patients with visceral site of metastatic disease (HR of 0.50 [95% CI: 0.38, 0.65]) and non-visceral site of metastatic disease (HR of 0.48 [95% CI: 0.33, 0.71]). Benefit was also observed regardless of lines of prior therapy in the metastatic setting, whether 0 (HR of 0.59 [95% CI: 0.37, 0.93]), 1 (HR of 0.46 [95% CI: 0.32, 0.64]), 2 (HR of 0.48 [95% CI:0.30, 0.76]), or ≥3 lines (HR of 0.59 [95% CI: 0.28, 1.22]). (See Figure 3.)

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Additional efficacy measures (OR and TTR) assessed in the sub-groups of patients with or without visceral disease are displayed in Table 4. (See Table 4.)

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Patient-reported symptoms were assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire (QLQ)-C30 and its Breast Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-BR23). A total of 335 patients in the palbociclib plus fulvestrant arm and 166 patients in the fulvestrant only arm completed the questionnaire at baseline and at least 1 post baseline visit.
Time-to-Deterioration was prespecified as time between baseline and first occurrence of ≥10 points increase from baseline in pain symptom scores. Addition of palbociclib to fulvestrant resulted in a symptom benefit by significantly delaying time-to-deterioration in pain symptom compared with placebo plus fulvestrant (median 8.0 months versus 2.8 months; HR of 0.64 [95% CI: 0.49, 0.85]; p<0.001).
Breast Cancer in Males: Information from post-marketing reports indicates that the safety profile of IBRANCE in men is consistent with that observed in women.
Pharmacokinetics: The pharmacokinetics of palbociclib were characterised in patients with solid tumours including advanced breast cancer and in healthy volunteers.
Absorption: The mean Cmax of palbociclib is generally observed between 6 to 12 hours following oral administration. The mean absolute bioavailability of palbociclib after an oral 125 mg dose is 46%. In the dosing range of 25 mg to 225 mg, the area under the curve (AUC) and Cmax increase proportionally with dose in general. Steady state was achieved within 8 days following repeated once daily dosing. With repeated once daily administration, palbociclib accumulates with a median accumulation ratio of 2.4 (range 1.5-4.2).
Food effect: Palbociclib absorption and exposure were very low in approximately 13% of the population under the fasted condition. Food intake increased the palbociclib exposure in this small subset of the population, but did not alter palbociclib exposure in the rest of the population to a clinically relevant extent. Compared to palbociclib given under overnight fasted conditions, the AUCinf and Cmax of palbociclib increased by 21% and 38% when given with high-fat food, by 12% and 27% when given with low-fat food, and by 13% and 24% when moderate-fat food was given 1 hour before and 2 hours after palbociclib dosing. In addition, food intake significantly reduced the intersubject and intrasubject variability of palbociclib exposure. Based on these results, palbociclib should be taken with food (see Dosage & Administration).
Distribution: Binding of palbociclib to human plasma proteins in vitro was ~85%, with no concentration dependence. The mean fraction unbound (fu) of palbociclib in human plasma in vivo increased incrementally with worsening hepatic function. There was no obvious trend in the mean palbociclib fu in human plasma in vivo with worsening renal function. In vitro, the uptake of palbociclib into human hepatocytes occurred mainly via passive diffusion. Palbociclib is not a substrate of OATP1B1 or OATP1B3.
Biotransformation: In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that palbociclib undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism in humans. Following oral administration of a single 125 mg dose of [14C]palbociclib to humans, the major primary metabolic pathways for palbociclib involved oxidation and sulphonation, with acylation and glucuronidation contributing as minor pathways. Palbociclib was the major circulating drug-derived entity in plasma.
The majority of the material was excreted as metabolites. In faeces, the sulfamic acid conjugate of palbociclib was the major drug-related component, accounting for 25.8% of the administered dose. In vitro studies with human hepatocytes, liver cytosolic and S9 fractions, and recombinant sulphotransferase (SULT) enzymes indicated that CYP3A and SULT2A1 are mainly involved in the metabolism of palbociclib.
Elimination: The geometric mean apparent oral clearance (CL/F) of palbociclib was 63 L/h, and the mean plasma elimination half-life was 28.8 hours in patients with advanced breast cancer. In 6 healthy male subjects given a single oral dose of [14C]palbociclib, a median of 92% of the total administered radioactive dose was recovered in 15 days; faeces (74% of dose) was the major route of excretion, with 17% of the dose recovered in urine. Excretion of unchanged palbociclib in faeces and urine was 2% and 7% of the administered dose, respectively.
In vitro, palbociclib is not an inhibitor of CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, and 2D6, and is not an inducer of CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C8, and 3A4 at clinically relevant concentrations.
In vitro
evaluations indicate that palbociclib has low potential to inhibit the activities of organic anion transporter (OAT)1, OAT3, organic cation transporter (OCT)2, organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3, and bile salt export pump (BSEP) at clinically relevant concentrations.
Special populations: Age, gender, and body weight: Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis in 183 patients with cancer (50 male and 133 female patients, age ranging from 22 to 89 years, and body weight ranging from 38 to 123 kg), gender had no effect on the exposure of palbociclib, and age and body weight had no clinically important effect on the exposure of palbociclib.
Paediatric population: Pharmacokinetics of palbociclib has not been evaluated in patients <18 years of age.
Hepatic impairment: Data from a pharmacokinetic trial in subjects with varying degrees of hepatic function indicate that palbociclib unbound exposure (unbound AUCinf) decreased by 17% in subjects with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A), and increased by 34% and 77% in subjects with moderate (Child-Pugh class B) and severe (Child-Pugh class C) hepatic impairment, respectively, relative to subjects with normal hepatic function. Peak palbociclib unbound exposure (unbound Cmax) was increased by 7%, 38% and 72% for mild, moderate and severe hepatic impairment, respectively, relative to subjects with normal hepatic function. In addition, based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis that included 183 patients with advanced cancer, where 40 patients had mild hepatic impairment based on National Cancer Institute (NCI) classification (total bilirubin ≤ Upper Limit of Normal [ULN] and Aspartate Aminotransferase [AST] > ULN, or total bilirubin >1.0 to 1.5 × ULN and any AST), mild hepatic impairment had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of palbociclib.
Renal impairment: Data from a pharmacokinetic trial in subjects with varying degrees of renal function indicate that total palbociclib exposure (AUCinf) increased by 39%, 42%, and 31% with mild (60 mL/min≤CrCl<90 mL/min), moderate (30 mL/min≤CrCl <60 mL/min), and severe (CrCl <30 mL/min) renal impairment, respectively, relative to subjects with normal (CrCl ≥90 mL/min) renal function. Peak palbociclib exposure (Cmax) was increased by 17%, 12%, and 15% for mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, respectively, relative to subjects with normal renal function. In addition, based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis that included 183 patients with advanced cancer, where 73 patients had mild renal impairment and 29 patients had moderate renal impairment, mild and moderate renal impairment had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of palbociclib. The pharmacokinetics of palbociclib have not been studied in patients requiring haemodialysis.
Ethnicity: In a pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers, palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax values were 30% and 35% higher, respectively, in Japanese subjects compared with non-Asian subjects after a single oral dose. However, this finding was not reproduced consistently in subsequent studies in Japanese or Asian breast cancer patients after multiple dosing. Based on an analysis of the cumulative pharmacokinetic, safety, and efficacy data across Asian and non-Asian populations, no dose adjustment based on Asian race is considered necessary.
Toxicology: Preclinical safety data: The primary target organ findings of potential relevance to humans included haematolymphopoietic and male reproductive organ effects in rats and dogs in studies up to 39 weeks duration. Effects on glucose metabolism were associated with findings in the pancreas and secondary effects on eye, teeth, kidney, and adipose tissue in studies ≥15 weeks duration in rats only and bone changes were observed in rats only following 27 weeks of dosing. These systemic toxicities were generally observed at clinically relevant exposures based on AUC. In addition, cardiovascular effects (QTc prolongation, decreased heart rate, and increased RR interval and systolic blood pressure) were identified in telemetered dogs at ≥4 times human clinical exposure based on Cmax. The reversibility of the effects on glucose homeostasis, pancreas, eye, kidney, and bone was not established following a 12-week nondosing period, whereas partial to full reversal of effects on the haematolymphopoietic and male reproductive systems, teeth, and adipose tissue was observed.
Carcinogenicity: Palbociclib was assessed for carcinogenicity in a 6-month transgenic mouse study and in a 2-year rat study. Palbociclib was negative for carcinogenicity in transgenic mice at doses up to 60 mg/kg/day (No Observed Effect Level [NOEL] approximately 11 times human clinical exposure based on AUC). Palbociclib-related neoplastic finding in rats included an increased incidence of microglial cell tumours in the central nervous system of males at 30 mg/kg/day; there were no neoplastic findings in female rats at any dose up to 200 mg/kg/day. The NOEL for palbociclib-related carcinogenicity effects was 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC) and 200 mg/kg/day (approximately 4 times the human clinical exposure based on AUC) in males and females, respectively. The relevance of the male rat neoplastic finding to humans is unknown.
Genotoxicity: Palbociclib was not mutagenic in a bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) assay and did not induce structural chromosomal aberrations in the in vitro human lymphocyte chromosome aberration assay.
Palbociclib induced micronuclei via an aneugenic mechanism in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells in vitro and in the bone marrow of male rats at doses ≥100 mg/kg/day. The exposure of animals at the no observed effect level for aneugenicity was approximately 7 times human clinical exposure based on AUC.
Impairment of fertility: Palbociclib did not affect mating or fertility in female rats at any dose tested up to 300 mg/kg/day (approximately 3 times human clinical exposure based on AUC), and no adverse effects were observed in female reproductive tissues in repeat-dose toxicity studies up to 300 mg/kg/day in the rat and 3 mg/kg/day in the dog (approximately 5 and 3 times human clinical exposure based on AUC, respectively).
Palbociclib is considered to have the potential to impair reproductive function and fertility in male humans based on nonclinical findings in rats and dogs. Palbociclib-related findings in the testis, epididymis, prostate, and seminal vesicle included decreased organ weight, atrophy or degeneration, hypospermia, intratubular cellular debris, lower sperm motility and density, and decreased secretion. These findings were observed in rats and/or dogs at exposures ≥9 times or subtherapeutic compared to human clinical exposure based on AUC, respectively. Partial reversibility of male reproductive organ effects was observed in the rat and dog following a 4- and 12-week nondosing period, respectively. Despite these male reproductive organ findings, there were no effects on mating or fertility in male rats at projected exposure levels 13 times human clinical exposure based on AUC.
Developmental toxicity: Palbociclib is a reversible inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6, which are both involved in regulating the cell cycle. It may therefore have risk of foetal harm if used during pregnancy. Palbociclib was foetotoxic in pregnant animals. An increased incidence of a skeletal variation (increased incidence of a rib present at the seventh cervical vertebra) at ≥100 mg/kg/day was observed in rats. Reduced foetal body weights were observed at a maternally toxic dose of 300 mg/kg/day in rats (3 times human clinical exposure based on AUC), and an increased incidence of skeletal variations, including small phalanges in the forelimb was observed at a maternally toxic dose of 20 mg/kg/day in rabbits (4 times human clinical exposure based on AUC). Actual foetal exposure and cross-placenta transfer have not been examined.
Indications/Uses
IBRANCE is indicated for the treatment of hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer: in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy in women or in men; or in combination with fulvestrant in women who have received prior endocrine therapy (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions).
In pre- or perimenopausal women, the endocrine therapy should be combined with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Treatment with IBRANCE should be initiated and supervised by a physician experienced in the use of anticancer medicinal products.
Posology: The recommended dose is 125 mg of palbociclib once daily for 21 consecutive days followed by 7 days off treatment (Schedule 3/1) to comprise a complete cycle of 28 days.
The treatment with IBRANCE should be continued as long as the patient is deriving clinical benefit from therapy or until unacceptable toxicity occurs.
When coadministered with palbociclib, the aromatase inhibitor should be administered according to the dose schedule reported in the Summary of Product Characteristics. Treatment of pre/perimenopausal women with the combination of palbociclib plus an aromatase inhibitor should always be combined with an LHRH agonist (see Precautions).
When coadministered with palbociclib, the recommended dose of fulvestrant is 500 mg administered intramuscularly on Days 1, 15, 29, and once monthly thereafter. Please refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics of fulvestrant. Prior to the start of treatment with the combination of palbociclib plus fulvestrant, and throughout its duration, pre/perimenopausal women should be treated with LHRH agonists according to local clinical practice.
Patients should be encouraged to take their dose at approximately the same time each day. If the patient vomits or misses a dose, an additional dose should not be taken that day. The next prescribed dose should be taken at the usual time.
Dose adjustments: Dose modification of IBRANCE is recommended based on individual safety and tolerability.
Management of some adverse reactions may require temporary dose interruptions/delays, and/or dose reductions, or permanent discontinuation as per dose reduction schedules provided in Tables 5, 6, and 7 (see Precautions and Adverse Reactions). (See Table 5.)

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Complete blood count should be monitored prior to the start of IBRANCE therapy and at the beginning of each cycle, as well as on Day 15 of the first 2 cycles, and as clinically indicated.
For patients who experience a maximum of Grade 1 or 2 neutropenia in the first 6 cycles, complete blood counts for subsequent cycles should be monitored every 3 months, prior to the beginning of a cycle and as clinically indicated.
Absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) of ≥1000/mm3 and platelet counts of ≥50,000/mm3 are recommended to receive IBRANCE. (See Tables 6 and 7.)

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Permanently discontinue IBRANCE in patients with severe interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis (see Precautions).
Special populations: Elderly: No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is necessary in patients ≥65 years of age (see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Hepatic impairment: No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is required for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classes A and B). For patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C), the recommended dose of IBRANCE is 75 mg once daily on Schedule 3/1 (see Precautions and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Renal impairment: No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is required for patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≥15 mL/min). Insufficient data are available in patients requiring haemodialysis to provide any dose adjustment recommendation in this patient population (see Precautions and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Paediatric population: The safety and efficacy of IBRANCE in children and adolescents <18 years of age have not been established. No data are available.
Method of administration: IBRANCE is for oral use. It should be taken with food, preferably a meal to ensure consistent palbociclib exposure (see Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions). Palbociclib should not be taken with grapefruit or grapefruit juice (see Interactions).
IBRANCE capsules should be swallowed whole (should not be chewed, crushed, or opened prior to swallowing). No capsule should be ingested if it is broken, cracked, or otherwise not intact.
Overdosage
In the event of a palbociclib overdose, both gastrointestinal (e.g., nausea, vomiting) and haematological (e.g., neutropenia) toxicity may occur and general supportive care should be provided.
Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in Description.
Use of preparations containing St. John's Wort (see Interactions).
Warnings
(Based on the Ministry of Public Health's Announcement): This drug may cause serious harm, should be used under the supervision of a physician.
Special Precautions
Pre/perimenopausal women: Ovarian ablation or suppression with an LHRH agonist is mandatory when pre/perimenopausal women are administered IBRANCE in combination with an aromatase inhibitor, due to the mechanism of action of aromatase inhibitors. Palbociclib in combination with fulvestrant in pre/perimenopausal women has only been studied in combination with an LHRH agonist.
Critical visceral disease: The efficacy and safety of palbociclib have not been studied in patients with critical visceral disease (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions).
Haematological disorders: Dose interruption, dose reduction, or delay in starting treatment cycles is recommended for patients who develop Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Appropriate monitoring should be performed (see Dosage & Administration and Adverse Reactions).
Interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis: Severe, life-threatening, or fatal ILD and/or pneumonitis can occur in patients treated with IBRANCE when taken in combination with endocrine therapy.
Across clinical trials (PALOMA-1, PALOMA-2, PALOMA-3), 1.4% of IBRANCE-treated patients had ILD/pneumonitis of any grade, 0.1% had Grade 3, and no Grade 4 or fatal cases were reported. Additional cases of ILD/pneumonitis have been observed in the post-marketing setting, with fatalities reported (see Adverse Reactions).
Monitor patients for pulmonary symptoms indicative of ILD/pneumonitis (e.g. hypoxia, cough, dyspnoea). In patients who have new or worsening respiratory symptoms and are suspected to have developed ILD/pneumonitis, interrupt IBRANCE immediately and evaluate the patient. Permanently discontinue IBRANCE in patients with severe ILD or pneumonitis (see Dosage & Administration).
Infections: Since IBRANCE has myelosuppressive properties, it may predispose patients to infections.
Infections have been reported at a higher rate in patients treated with IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies compared to patients treated in the respective comparator arm. Grade 3 and Grade 4 infections occurred respectively in 5.6% and 0.9% of patients treated with IBRANCE in any combination (see Adverse Reactions).
Patients should be monitored for signs and symptoms of infection and treated as medically appropriate (see Dosage & Administration).
Physicians should inform patients to promptly report any episodes of fever.
Hepatic impairment: Administer IBRANCE with caution to patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment, with close monitoring of signs of toxicity (see Dosage & Administration and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Renal impairment: Administer IBRANCE with caution to patients with moderate or severe renal impairment, with close monitoring of signs of toxicity (see Dosage & Administration and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Concomitant treatment with inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4: Strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 may lead to increased toxicity (see Interactions). Concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors during treatment with palbociclib should be avoided. Coadministration should only be considered after careful evaluation of the potential benefits and risks. If coadministration with a strong CYP3A inhibitor is unavoidable, reduce the IBRANCE dose to 75 mg once daily. When the strong inhibitor is discontinued, increase the IBRANCE dose (after 3-5 half-lives of the inhibitor) to the dose used prior to the initiation of the strong CYP3A inhibitor (see Interactions).
Coadministration of CYP3A inducers may lead to decreased palbociclib exposure and consequently a risk for lack of efficacy. Therefore, concomitant use of palbociclib with strong CYP3A4 inducers should be avoided. No dose adjustments are required for coadministration of palbociclib with moderate CYP3A inducers (see Interactions).
Women of childbearing potential or their partners: Women of childbearing potential or their male partners must use a highly effective method of contraception while taking IBRANCE (see Use in Pregnancy & Lactation).
Lactose: This medicinal product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the total lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
Sodium: This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol (23 mg) sodium per capsule, that is to say essentially 'sodium-free'.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: IBRANCE has minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines. However, IBRANCE may cause fatigue and patients should exercise caution when driving or using machines.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Women of childbearing potential/Contraception: Females of childbearing potential who are receiving this medicinal product, or their male partners should use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., double-barrier contraception) during therapy and for at least 3 weeks or 14 weeks after completing therapy for females and males, respectively (see Interactions).
Pregnancy: There are no or limited amount of data from the use of palbociclib in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). IBRANCE is not recommended during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using contraception.
Breast-feeding: No studies have been conducted in humans or animals to assess the effect of palbociclib on milk production, its presence in breast milk, or its effects on the breast-fed child. It is unknown whether palbociclib is excreted in human milk. Patients receiving palbociclib should not breast feed.
Fertility: There were no effects on oestrous cycle (female rats) or mating and fertility in rats (male or female) in nonclinical reproductive studies. However, no clinical data have been obtained on fertility in humans. Based on male reproductive organ findings (seminiferous tubule degeneration in testis, epididymal hypospermia, lower sperm motility and density, and decreased prostate secretion) in nonclinical safety studies, male fertility may be compromised by treatment with palbociclib (see Pharmacology: Toxicology: Preclinical safety data under Actions). Thus, men may consider sperm preservation prior to beginning therapy with IBRANCE.
Adverse Reactions
Summary of the safety profile: The overall safety profile of IBRANCE is based on pooled data from 872 patients who received palbociclib in combination with endocrine therapy (N=527 in combination with letrozole and N=345 in combination with fulvestrant) in randomised clinical studies in HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions of any grade reported in patients receiving palbociclib in randomised clinical studies were neutropenia, infections, leukopenia, fatigue, nausea, stomatitis, anaemia, diarrhoea, alopecia and thrombocytopenia. The most common (≥2%) Grade ≥3 adverse reactions of palbociclib were neutropenia, leukopenia, infections, anaemia, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased, fatigue, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased.
Dose reductions or dose modifications due to any adverse reaction occurred in 38.4% of patients receiving IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies regardless of the combination.
Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 5.2% of patients receiving IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies regardless of the combination.
Tabulated list of adverse reactions: Table 8 reports the adverse reactions from the pooled dataset of 3 randomised studies.
The median duration of palbociclib treatment across the pooled dataset at the time of the final overall survival (OS) analysis was 14.8 months.
Table 9 reports the laboratory abnormalities observed in pooled datasets from 3 randomized studies.
The adverse reactions are listed by system organ class and frequency category. Frequency categories are defined as: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), and uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100). Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. (See Tables 8 and 9.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image


Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Description of selected adverse reactions: Overall, neutropenia of any grade was reported in 716 (82.1%) patients receiving IBRANCE regardless of the combination, with Grade 3 neutropenia being reported in 500 (57.3%) patients, and Grade 4 neutropenia being reported in 97 (11.1%) patients (see Table 8).
The median time to first episode of any grade neutropenia was 15 days (12-700 days) and the median duration of Grade ≥3 neutropenia was 7 days across 3 randomised clinical studies.
Febrile neutropenia has been reported in 0.9% of patients receiving IBRANCE in combination with fulvestrant and in 1.7% of patients receiving palbociclib in combination with letrozole.
Febrile neutropenia has been reported in about 2% of patients exposed to IBRANCE across the overall clinical programme.
Drug Interactions
Palbociclib is primarily metabolised by CYP3A and sulphotransferase (SULT) enzyme SULT2A1. In vivo, palbociclib is a weak, time-dependent inhibitor of CYP3A.
Effects of other medicinal products on the pharmacokinetics of palbociclib: Effect of CYP3A inhibitors: Coadministration of multiple 200 mg doses of itraconazole with a single 125 mg palbociclib dose increased palbociclib total exposure (AUCinf) and the peak concentration (Cmax) by approximately 87% and 34%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg palbociclib dose given alone.
The concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors including, but not limited to: clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, lopinavir/ritonavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, voriconazole, and grapefruit or grapefruit juice, should be avoided (see Dosage & Administration and Precautions).
No dose adjustments are needed for mild and moderate CYP3A inhibitors.
Effect of CYP3A inducers: Coadministration of multiple 600 mg doses of rifampin with a single 125 mg palbociclib dose decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 85% and 70%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg palbociclib dose given alone.
The concomitant use of strong CYP3A inducers including, but not limited to: carbamazepine, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampin, and St. John's Wort should be avoided (see Contraindications and Precautions).
Coadministration of multiple 400 mg daily doses of modafinil, a moderate CYP3A inducer, with a single 125 mg IBRANCE dose decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 32% and 11%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg IBRANCE dose given alone. No dose adjustments are required for moderate CYP3A inducers (see Precautions).
Effect of acid reducing agents: Under fed conditions (intake of a moderate-fat meal), coadministration of multiple doses of the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) rabeprazole with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE decreased palbociclib Cmax by 41%, but had limited impact on AUCinf (13% decrease) compared with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE administered alone.
Under fasting conditions, the coadministration of multiple doses of the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) rabeprazole with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 62% and 80%, respectively. Therefore, IBRANCE should be taken with food, preferably a meal (see Dosage & Administration and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions).
Given the reduced effect on gastric pH of H2-receptor antagonists and local antacids compared to PPIs, no clinically relevant effect of H2-receptor antagonists or local antacids on palbociclib exposure is expected when palbociclib is taken with food.
Effects of palbociclib on the pharmacokinetics of other medicinal products: Palbociclib is a weak, time-dependent inhibitor of CYP3A following daily 125 mg dosing at steady state. Coadministration of multiple doses of palbociclib with midazolam increased the midazolam AUCinf and Cmax values by 61% and 37%, respectively, as compared with administration of midazolam alone.
The dose of sensitive CYP3A substrates with a narrow therapeutic index (e.g., alfentanil, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, everolimus, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, and tacrolimus) may need to be reduced when coadministered with IBRANCE as IBRANCE may increase their exposure.
Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and letrozole: Data from the drug-drug interaction (DDI) evaluation portion of a clinical study in patients with breast cancer showed that there was no drug interaction between palbociclib and letrozole when the 2 medicinal products were coadministered.
Effect of tamoxifen on palbociclib exposure: Data from a DDI study in healthy male subjects indicated that palbociclib exposures were comparable when a single dose of palbociclib was coadministered with multiple doses of tamoxifen and when palbociclib was given alone.
Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and fulvestrant: Data from a clinical study in patients with breast cancer showed that there was no clinically relevant drug interaction between palbociclib and fulvestrant when the two medicinal products were coadministered.
Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and oral contraceptives: DDI studies of palbociclib with oral contraceptives have not been conducted (see Use in Pregnancy & Lactation).
In vitro
studies with transporters: Based on in vitro data, palbociclib is predicted to inhibit intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) mediated transport. Therefore, administration of palbociclib with medicinal products that are substrates of P-gp (e.g., digoxin, dabigatran, colchicine) or BCRP (e.g., pravastatin, rosuvastatin, sulfasalazine) may increase their therapeutic effect and adverse reactions.
Based on in vitro data, palbociclib may inhibit the uptake transporter organic cationic transporter OCT1 and then may increase the exposure of medical product substrates of this transporter (e.g., metformin).
Caution For Usage
Incompatibilities: Not applicable.
Special precautions for disposal:
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Storage
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Shelf-life: 36 months.
ATC Classification
L01EF01 - palbociclib ; Belongs to the class of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors. Used in the treatment of cancer.
Presentation/Packing
Cap 75 mg [opaque, hard, with a light orange body (printed "PBC 75" in white) and a light orange cap (printed "Pfizer" in white), capsule length is 18.0 ± 0.3 mm] x 1 x 7's. 100 mg [opaque, hard, with a light orange body (printed "PBC 100" in white) and a caramel cap (printed "Pfizer" in white), capsule length is 19.4 ± 0.3 mm] x 1 x 7's. 125 mg [opaque, hard, with a caramel body (printed "PBC 125" in white) and a caramel cap (printed "Pfizer" in white), capsule length is 21.7 ± 0.3 mm] x 1 x 7's.
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