Iloprost is used to treat peripheral vascular diseases (narrowing or blockage of arteries outside of the heart and brain causing poor circulation of blood to the arms and legs).
Iloprost injection is to be given intravenously (into the vein). It is delivered directly into the bloodstream via the blood vessel.
Your doctor or nurse will administer the injection for you.
The dose of this medicine will be decided by your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the treatment timeframe depending on the type and severity of your condition.
Ensure that you keep all appointments with your doctor so that you do not miss any doses. Your doctor also needs to regularly monitor your response to Iloprost.
If you miss an appointment or miss an injection, alert your doctor or nurse. A replacement appointment or injection should be given as soon as possible.
Alert your doctor if you have the following conditions:
- lung disease
- heart disease
- low blood pressure
- conditions that increases the risk of bleeding e.g. active stomach ulcer
as this medicine may not be suitable for you.
Do not use this medicine if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant while on Iloprost therapy, alert your doctor immediately. This medicine may cause harm to your unborn child.
Do not breastfeed while you are being treated with this medicine.
Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:
- long-term lung disease that causes airflow obstruction making it hard to breathe
- severe asthma
- infection of the lungs
- kidney disease
- liver disease
For as long as you are using this medicine, you may need to have regular lung function tests to check your body’s response to the medicine. Your doctor will advise you about how often you need to have these tests.
If you smoke, you should try to quit. Smoking is harmful to your blood pressure, heart and overall health. Speak to your doctor or pharmacist about ways to stop your smoking habit.
Iloprost may cause dizziness. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert.
Other side effects include any of the following: headache, drowsiness, fainting or passing out, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain or discomfort, pain of the jaw or the jaw muscle, cough, throat irritation and rash.
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
- medicines for high blood pressure
- heparin (blood-thinning medicine)
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Iloprost.
Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.
Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.