To be used as prescribed by doctor only. If experience dizziness or fainting, please consult the doctor immediately.
Traceability: In order to improve the traceability of biological medicinal products, the name and the batch number of the administered product should be clearly recorded.
General: Semaglutide should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis has been reported in insulin-dependent patients whom had rapid discontinuation or dose reduction of insulin when treatment with a GLP-1 receptor agonist is started (see Dosage & Administration).
There is no therapeutic experience in patients with congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV and semaglutide is therefore not recommended in these patients.
There is no therapeutic experience with semaglutide in patients with bariatric surgery.
Gastrointestinal effects: Use of GLP-1 receptor agonists may be associated with gastrointestinal adverse reactions that can cause dehydration, which in rare cases can lead to a deterioration of renal function (see Adverse Reactions). Patients treated with semaglutide should be advised of the potential risk of dehydration in relation to gastrointestinal side effects and take precautions to avoid fluid depletion.
Acute pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis has been observed with the use of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Patients should be informed of the characteristic symptoms of acute pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, semaglutide should be discontinued; if confirmed, semaglutide should not be restarted. Caution should be exercised in patients with a history of pancreatitis.
Hypoglycaemia: Patients treated with semaglutide in combination with a sulfonylurea or insulin may have an increased risk of hypoglycaemia (see Adverse Reactions). The risk of hypoglycaemia can be lowered by reducing the dose of sulfonylurea or insulin when initiating treatment with semaglutide (see Dosage & Administration).
Diabetic retinopathy: In patients with diabetic retinopathy treated with insulin and s.c. semaglutide, an increased risk of developing diabetic retinopathy complications has been observed, a risk that cannot be excluded for orally administered semaglutide (see data in Adverse Reactions). Caution should be exercised when using semaglutide in patients with diabetic retinopathy. These patients should be monitored closely and treated according to clinical guidelines. Rapid improvement in glucose control has been associated with a temporary worsening of diabetic retinopathy, but other mechanisms cannot be excluded. Long-term glycaemic control decreases the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
Treatment response: Compliance with the dosing regimen is recommended for optimal effect of semaglutide. If the treatment response with semaglutide is lower than expected, the treating physician should be aware that the absorption of semaglutide is highly variable and may be minimal (2-4% of patients will not have any exposure), and that the absolute bioavailability of semaglutide is low.
Sodium content: This medicinal product contains 23 mg sodium per tablet, equivalent to 1% of the WHO recommended maximum daily intake of 2 g sodium for an adult.
Hypersensitivity: Serious hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis, angioedema) have been reported in patients treated with RYBELSUS. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, discontinue use of RYBELSUS; treat promptly per standard of care, and monitor until signs and symptoms resolve. Do not use in patients with a previous hypersensitivity to RYBELSUS.
Anaphylaxis and angioedema have been reported with GLP-1 receptor agonists. Use caution in a patient with a history of angioedema or anaphylaxis with another GLP-1 receptor agonist because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to anaphylaxis with RYBELSUS.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: Semaglutide has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive or use machines. When it is used in combination with a sulfonylurea or insulin, patients should be advised to take precautions to avoid hypoglycaemia while driving and using machines (see as previously mentioned).