DTP-HIB vaccine helps protect your child against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type b bacterial infections.
Diphtheria is a serious infection that mainly affects the airways causing difficulty in breathing. It can also cause heart and nerve problems.
Tetanus is a serious infection that is acquired when bacteria from soil infect deep wounds. It causes painful and serious muscle spasms.
Pertussis or whooping cough is a very contagious infection that mainly affects the airways causing severe coughing (often characterised to have a “whooping” sound) and difficulty in breathing. It can also cause ear, lung and brain problems.
Haemophilus influenzae type b is an infection that can cause several serious illnesses including meningitis (inflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal column), bloodstream infections, pneumonia, arthritis.
This vaccine helps your child’s body make its own antibodies (substances in the body that fight against infection) to protect him/her against these infections.
DTP-HIB vaccine is given by intramuscular (into the muscle) injection.
A doctor or nurse will administer this vaccine for your child.
Ensure that you keep all appointments with the doctor so that your child do not miss any immunisations.
If you miss an appointment or an injection, alert your child’s doctor or nurse. A replacement appointment or injection should be given as soon as possible.
Alert the doctor if your child has the following conditions:
- had an allergic reaction (rashes, breathlessness, swollen eyes) to any component of this vaccine
- history of encephalopathy (a brain disease) a week after immunisation with pertussis vaccine
- acute febrile illness (a rapid onset of fever and symptoms such as headache, chills or muscle and joint pains)
- uncontrolled fits or seizures
as DTP-HIB vaccine may not be suitable for your child.
Inform the doctor if your child has the following conditions:
- family history of fits or seizures
- history of Guillain-Barre syndrome (an immune disorder that affects the nerves) 6 weeks after immunisation against tetanus infection
- history of having a high fever, collapsing, inconsolable crying or experiencing fits or seizures 2-3 days after immunisation against pertussis infection
- weak immune system
- serious illness or infection accompanied by fever
- bleeding disorder
- low platelet count
If your child is going for any laboratory test, inform the doctor that he/she was recently immunised with DTP-HIB vaccine.
DTP-HIB vaccine may cause any of the following side effects: fainting, restlessness, nervousness, weakness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, rashes, injection site reactions including redness, pain or swelling.
Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert the doctor quickly if your child experience any of the following:
- signs and symptoms of allergic reactions e.g. rashes, breathlessness, swollen eyes
- high fever, collapsing, inconsolable crying, fits or seizures
Inform the doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if your child experience other side effects.
Always notify the doctor and pharmacist if your child is taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.
Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.