Adult: 18-65 yr ≥60 kg: 666 mg tid; <60 kg: 666 mg at breakfast, 333 mg at midday and 333 mg at night. Treatment should be started as soon as possible after the withdrawal period; maintain even if patient relapses. Recommended duration: 1 yr. Elderly: >65 yr Not recommended.
Initially, 333 mg tid.
Should be taken with food. Take at meal times.
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Severe hepatic or renal impairment (CrCl <30 mL/min). Lactation.
This drug may cause CNS depression, if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
Monitor renal function; signs of depression and/or suicidal thinking.
Symptoms: Diarrhoea; hypercalcaemia may be considered in chronic overdose. Management: Symptomatic and supportive treatment.
Increased plasma concentrations w/ naltrexone.
Food reduces absorption.
Description: Acamprosate affects the balance of GABA and glutamate neurotransmitters by decreasing glutamatergic transmission and modulation of neuronal hyperexcitability. Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Slowly absorbed from the GI tract. Reduced absorption w/ food. Bioavailability: Approx 11%. Time to peak plasma concentration: 3-8 hr. Distribution: Crosses the blood-brain barrier. Volume of distribution: Approx 1 L/kg. Excretion: Via urine as unchanged drug. Elimination half-life: 20-33 hr.
N07BB03 - acamprosate ; Belongs to the class of drugs used in the management of alcohol dependence.
Acamprosate Calcium Tablet, Delayed Release (Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/. Accessed 23/11/2015.Anon. Acamprosate. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 23/11/2015.Buckingham R (ed). Acamprosate Calcium. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 23/11/2015.McEvoy GK, Snow EK, Miller J et al (eds). Acamprosate Calcium. AHFS Drug Information (AHFS DI) [online]. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 23/11/2015.