Insulin glargine


Thông tin thuốc gốc
Chỉ định và Liều dùng
Subcutaneous
Diabetes mellitus
Adult: Dosage is individualised based on patient metabolic needs, blood glucose monitoring results, and goal in glycaemic control. Administer dose once daily at the same time each day. In insulin-naive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Initially, 0.2 units/kg once daily followed by individual dose adjustments. Switching from insulin glargine 300 units/mL to 100 units/mL: Reduce dose by approx 20%. Switching from insulin glargine 100 units/mL to 300 units/mL: May be done on a unit-unit basis but a higher 300 units/mL dose (approx 10-18%) may be necessary. Switching from other basal insulins: May be done on a unit-unit basis based on the previous basal insulin dose (once-daily basal insulin) or initiate insulin glargine at 80% of the total daily dose of basal insulin (twice-daily basal insulin). Dosage recommendations may vary among countries and individual products (refer to detailed product guideline).
Child: ≥2 years Treatment recommendations may vary among countries and individual products (refer to detailed product or local treatment guidelines).
Suy thận
Dose reduction may be necessary.
Suy gan
Dose reduction may be necessary.
Chống chỉ định
Hypersensitivity. Episodes of hypoglycaemia.
Thận trọng
Patient with risk factors for hypoglycaemia (e.g. changes in inj area, level of physical activity, pattern of meal times, or concomitant medications), significant stenosis of coronary arteries or blood vessels supplying the brain, proliferative retinopathy (particularly if untreated with photocoagulation), intercurrent illness. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia may be less pronounced in patients in whom glycaemic control is markedly improved or with recurrent hypoglycaemia, diabetic nerve disease, long history of diabetes, or suffering from psychiatric illness; who switched from animal insulin to human insulin; receiving sympathetic nervous system blockers (e.g. β-blockers). Insulin glargine 100 units/mL and 300 units/mL are not bioequivalent and are not directly interchangeable. Not indicated for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Renal and hepatic impairment. Not to be administered via IV, IM, or insulin infusion pump. Concomitant use with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ agonists (including thiazolidinediones). Children and elderly. Pregnancy and lactation.
Tác dụng không mong muốn
Significant: Hypoglycaemia, hypokalaemia, insulin antibody development, cutaneous amyloidosis at the inj site.
Eye disorders: Rarely, visual impairment, retinopathy, cataract.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Diarrhoea.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Inj site reactions (e.g. itching, inflammation, hives, pain, redness). Rarely, oedema.
Infections and infestations: Infection, influenza.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Arthralgia, back pain, limb pain.
Nervous system disorders: Headache.
Psychiatric disorders: Depression.
Renal and urinary disorders: UTI.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Upper respiratory tract infection, bronchitis, cough, sinusitis, nasopharyngitis.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Lipohypertrophy, lipoatrophy.
Vascular disorders: Hypertension.
Potentially Fatal: Prolonged or severe hypoglycaemic episodes, severe allergic reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis).
Thông tin tư vấn bệnh nhân
This drug may impair the ability to concentrate and react due to hypoglycaemia; if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
Chỉ số theo dõi
Monitor serum glucose (usually before meals and snacks then at bedtime; additional monitoring may be necessary), HbA1c (at least twice annually in patients with stable glycaemic control and are meeting treatment goals; quarterly in patients not meeting treatment goals or with treatment change); renal function, LFTs, weight; electrolytes, particularly serum K (in patients at risk for hypokalaemia). Monitor for signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia at regular intervals during treatment.
Quá liều
Symptoms: Severe and occasionally long-term and potentially fatal hypoglycaemia (e.g. coma, seizure, neurologic impairment); hypokalaemia. Management: Treat mild hypoglycaemic episodes with oral carbohydrates; adjustments in dose, meal patterns, or physical activity may be necessary. In case of severe episodes, administer IM or SC glucagon or concentrated IV glucose. Continuous observation and carbohydrate intake may be needed following clinical recovery from hypoglycaemia. Correct hypokalaemia appropriately.
Tương tác
Concomitant use with PPAR-γ agonists (e.g. pioglitazone) may result in dose-related fluid retention and lead to or exacerbate cardiac failure. May enhance the therapeutic effect and increase the risk of hypoglycaemia with other antihyperglycaemic agents, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, disopyramide, fibrates, fluoxetine, MAOIs, pentoxifylline, propoxyphene, salicylates, somatostatin analogues (e.g. octreotide), and sulfonamide antibiotics. May reduce the therapeutic effect with atypical antipsychotics (e.g. clozapine, olanzapine), corticosteroids, danazol, diuretics, glucagon, nicotinic acid, isoniazid, oral contraceptives (e.g. estrogens and progestogens), phenothiazines, somatropin, sympathomimetic agents (e.g. epinephrine, salbutamol, terbutaline), thyroid hormones, and protease inhibitors. May either enhance or diminish the therapeutic effect with β-blockers, clonidine, lithium salts, pentamidine. Sympatholytic agents (e.g. β-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, reserpine) may reduce or mask the signs of hypoglycaemia.
Tương tác với thức ăn
May either enhance or diminish the therapeutic effect with alcohol.
Tác dụng
Description: Insulin glargine, a long-acting insulin analogue, stimulates peripheral glucose uptake (particularly by skeletal muscle and fat) and inhibits hepatic glucose production, thus reducing blood glucose levels. It prevents lipolysis in the adipocyte, inhibits proteolysis, and increases protein synthesis.
Duration: 24 hours (range: 10.8->24 hours).
Pharmacokinetics:
Absorption: Slowly absorbed.
Metabolism: Rapidly and partially metabolised at the carboxyl terminus of the β chain to form 2 active metabolites, M1 (21A-Gly-insulin) and M2 (21A-Gly-des-30B-Thr-insulin), with the M1 metabolite being the principal circulating compound.
Excretion: Via urine.
Đặc tính

Chemical Structure Image
Insulin glargine

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Database. Insulin glargine, CID=118984454, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Insulin-glargine (accessed on Apr. 27, 2020)

Bảo quản
Unopened pen/cartridge/vial: Store between 2-8°C, or below 30°C for 28 days (for pens and vials only). Do not freeze. Protect from light. Opened (in-use) pen/cartridge: Store below 30°C for 28 days. Do not freeze or refrigerate. Protect from heat and light. Opened (in-use) vial: Store between 2-8°C or below 30°C for 28 days. Protect from direct light or heat. Storage recommendations may vary among individual products. Refer to detailed product guideline.
Phân loại MIMS
Insulin
Phân loại ATC
A10AE04 - insulin glargine ; Belongs to the class of long-acting insulins and analogues for injection. Used in the treatment of diabetes.
Tài liệu tham khảo
Abasaglar 100 units/mL KwikPen Solution for Injection in a Pre-Filled Pen (Eli Lilly Nederland B.V.). MHRA. https://products.mhra.gov.uk. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Abasaglar 100 units/mL Solution for Injection in a Cartridge (Eli Lilly Nederland B.V.). MHRA. https://products.mhra.gov.uk. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Anon. Insulin Glargine. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Buckingham R (ed). Insulin. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Joint Formulary Committee. Insulin Glargine. British National Formulary [online]. London. BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Lantus SoloStar 100 units/mL Solution for Injection in a Pre-Filled Pen (Sanofi-Aventis [Malaysia] Sdn. Bhd.). National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency - Ministry of Health Malaysia. https://www.npra.gov.my. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Lantus/Lantus SoloStar Injection, Solution (Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Toujeo 300 units/mL SoloStar, Solution for Injection in a Pre-Filled Pen (Aventis Pharma Limited). MHRA. https://products.mhra.gov.uk. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Toujeo 300 units/mL Solution for Injection in a Pre-Filled Pen (Sanofi-Aventis [Malaysia] Sdn. Bhd.). National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency - Ministry of Health Malaysia. https://www.npra.gov.my. Accessed 08/09/2021.

Toujeo/Toujeo Max Injection, Solution (Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed. Accessed 07/09/2021.

Thông báo miễn trừ trách nhiệm: Thông tin này được MIMS biên soạn một cách độc lập dựa trên thông tin của Insulin glargine từ nhiều nguồn tài liệu tham khảo và được cung cấp chỉ cho mục đích tham khảo. Việc sử dụng điều trị và thông tin kê toa có thể khác nhau giữa các quốc gia. Vui lòng tham khảo thông tin sản phẩm trong MIMS để biết thông tin kê toa cụ thể đã qua phê duyệt ở quốc gia đó. Mặc dù đã rất nỗ lực để đảm bảo nội dung được chính xác nhưng MIMS sẽ không chịu trách nhiệm hoặc nghĩa vụ pháp lý cho bất kỳ yêu cầu bồi thường hay thiệt hại nào phát sinh do việc sử dụng hoặc sử dụng sai các thông tin ở đây, về nội dung thông tin hoặc về sự thiếu sót thông tin, hoặc về thông tin khác. © 2022 MIMS. Bản quyền thuộc về MIMS. Phát triển bởi MIMS.com
  • Glaritus
  • Lantus
  • Toujeo SoloStar
Register or sign in to continue
Asia's one-stop resource for medical news, clinical reference and education
Already a member? Sign in
Register or sign in to continue
Asia's one-stop resource for medical news, clinical reference and education
Already a member? Sign in