Valbenazine


Thông tin thuốc gốc
Chỉ định và Liều dùng
Oral
Tardive dyskinesia
Adult: Initially, 40 mg once daily for 1 week, increased to 80 mg once daily. Consider continuation of 40 mg once daily dose based on patient response and tolerability.
Special Patient Group
Patients taking strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, ketoconazole, clarithromycin): Reduce maintenance dose to 40 mg once daily.

Patients taking strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. carbamazepine, phenytoin, rifampicin): Not recommended.

Patients taking strong CYP2D6 inhibitors (e.g. paroxetine, fluoxetine, quinidine): Consider dose reduction based on patient tolerability.

Pharmacogenomics:

Valbenazine is metabolised to its active metabolite, (+)-α-HTBZ, via hydrolysis of valine ester. (+)-α-HTBZ is further metabolised in part by CYP2D6.

Patients who are CYP2D6 poor metabolisers or concomitantly taking strong CYP2D6 inhibitors may have increased serum concentrations of valbenazine and (+)-α-HTBZ active metabolite thereby may increase risk of adverse effects (e.g. QT prolongation). The FDA-approved drug label recommends considering dose reduction for patients who are known CYP2D6 poor metabolisers based on tolerability.
Renal Impairment
 CrCl (mL/min) Dosage 
 <30  Not recommended.
Hepatic Impairment
Moderate to severe (Child-Pugh score 7-15): 40 mg once daily.
Cách dùng
Cap: May be taken with or without food.
Chống chỉ định
Patients with congenital long QT syndrome or arrhythmias associated with prolonged QT interval. Concomitant use with MAOIs (e.g. isocarboxazid, phenelzine, selegiline).
Thận trọng
CYP2D6 poor metabolisers. Severe renal and moderate to severe hepatic impairment. Pregnancy and lactation.
Phản ứng phụ
Significant: Prolonged QT interval, Parkinson-like symptoms (e.g. falls, gait disturbances, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia), somnolence, hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. allergic dermatitis, angioedema, pruritus, urticaria).
Eye disorders: Blurred vision.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Dry mouth, constipation, vomiting, nausea.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue, balance disorder.
Investigations: Increased blood glucose, increased weight.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Arthralgia.
Nervous system disorders: Sedation, dyskinesia, dizziness, headache, extrapyramidal symptoms (non-akathisia).
Psychiatric disorders: Akathisia, restlessness, anxiety, insomnia, disturbance in attention.
Renal and urinary disorders: Urinary retention.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Respiratory infections.
Thông tin tư vấn bệnh nhân
This drug may cause somnolence, if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
MonitoringParameters
Monitor for signs of involuntary movement or Parkinson-like symptoms. Perform ECG prior to increasing dose in patient at risk of QT prolongation.
Tương tác
Increased risk of adverse effects with strong inhibitors of CYP2D6 (e.g. paroxetine, fluoxetine, quinidine) or CYP3A4 (e.g. itraconazole, ketoconazole, clarithromycin). May reduce efficacy of valbenazine with strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenytoin). Increased serum concentration of P-glycoprotein substrates (e.g. digoxin).
Potentially Fatal: Increased risk of adverse effects (e.g. serotonin syndrome) of MAOIs (e.g. isocarboxazid, phenelzine, selegiline).
Food Interaction
Decreased serum concentrations of valbenazine with St. John’s wort and high-fat food.
Tác dụng
Description: Valbenazine reversibly inhibits the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) which regulates the uptake of monoamine from the cytoplasm to the synaptic vesicle for storage and release. It has no binding affinity for VMAT1 nor the dopaminergic, serotonergic, adrenergic, histaminergic or muscarinic receptors.
Pharmacokinetics:
Absorption: Bioavailability: Approx 49%. Time to peak plasma concentrations: 0.5-1 hour (valbenazine); 4-8 hours (active metabolite). Decreased serum concentration with high fat meal.
Distribution: Volume of distribution: 92 L. Plasma protein binding: >99% (valbenazine); approx 64% (active metabolite).
Metabolism: Extensively metabolised via hydrolysis of valine ester to active metabolite, (+)-α-dihydroxytetrabenazine [(+)-α-HTBZ] and via oxidative metabolism by CYP3A4/5 to mono-oxidised valbenazine and other minor metabolites. (+)-α-HTBZ is further metabolised in part by CYP2D6.
Excretion: Via urine (approx 60%, mainly as inactive metabolites; <2% as unchanged drug or active metabolite); via faeces (30%, mainly as inactive metabolites; <2% as unchanged drug or active metabolite). Elimination half-life: 15-22 hours.
Đặc tính

Chemical Structure Image
Valbenazine

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Database. Valbenazine, CID=24795069, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Valbenazine (accessed on Jan. 23, 2020)

Bảo quản
Store below 30°C.
Phân loại MIMS
Phân loại ATC
N07XX13 - valbenazine ; Belongs to the class of other nervous system drugs.
References
Uhlyar S, Rey JA. Valbenazine (Ingrezza): The First FDA-Approved Treatment for Tardive Dyskinesia. Drug Forecast. 2018 Jun;43(6):328-331. Accessed 17/10/2019

Annotation of FDA Label for Valbenazine and CYP2D6. Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGKB). https://www.pharmgkb.org/. Accessed 17/10/2019.

Anon. Valbenazine. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 17/10/2019.

Buckingham R (ed). Valbenazine. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 17/10/2019.

Ingrezza (Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc.). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/. Accessed 17/10/2019.

Ingrezza (Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc.). U.S. FDA. https://www.fda.gov/. Accessed 17/10/2019.

Thông báo miễn trừ trách nhiệm: Thông tin này được MIMS biên soạn một cách độc lập dựa trên thông tin của Valbenazine từ nhiều nguồn tài liệu tham khảo và được cung cấp chỉ cho mục đích tham khảo. Việc sử dụng điều trị và thông tin kê toa có thể khác nhau giữa các quốc gia. Vui lòng tham khảo thông tin sản phẩm trong MIMS để biết thông tin kê toa cụ thể đã qua phê duyệt ở quốc gia đó. Mặc dù đã rất nỗ lực để đảm bảo nội dung được chính xác nhưng MIMS sẽ không chịu trách nhiệm hoặc nghĩa vụ pháp lý cho bất kỳ yêu cầu bồi thường hay thiệt hại nào phát sinh do việc sử dụng hoặc sử dụng sai các thông tin ở đây, về nội dung thông tin hoặc về sự thiếu sót thông tin, hoặc về thông tin khác. © 2021 MIMS. Bản quyền thuộc về MIMS. Phát triển bởi MIMS.com
Register or sign in to continue
Asia's one-stop resource for medical news, clinical reference and education
Sign up for free
Already a member? Sign in