Short-term treatment of neonatal apnoea of prematurity
Child: As citrate: 20 mg/kg (equivalent to 10 mg/kg caffeine) via IV infusion. Maintenance: 5 mg/kg daily. May also be given orally.
Adult: 100 mg in combination with ergotamine.
Mild stimulant of the central nervous system
Adult: 50-100 mg up to 200 mg. Not to be taken more often than 3 hrly. Max: 1 g/day.